Making a salad with lettuce you’ve grown yourself is an enriching experience. Lettuce comes in many different varieties and is a popular ingredient in salads all over the world.
For both inexperienced and experienced gardeners, growing lettuce has been a go-to and cornerstone vegetable in Aquaponics gardens. It needs fewer nutrients than other plants, making it ideal for beginners or those who are just starting their Aquaponics gardens.
What is Aquaponics?
Aquaponics is a way of growing plants in the water while also using it as a fish habitat. You may combine the benefits of Hydroponics and aquaculture by growing plants and raising fish in an Aquaponics system.
Hydroponics is just the process of growing plants in water that is drained out of an aquaculture facility. The water must be siphoned out and replaced regularly because of the toxic nutrient buildup from the fish food and waste.
Both of these issues, however, are resolved in a mutually beneficial manner. Not only does Aquaponics conserve water by cycling water from the fish to the plants and back to the fish, but the plants also absorb the toxic nutrients, restoring filtered water for the fish.
Why Grow Lettuce in Your Aquaponics Garden
Lettuce is a perfect vegetable to grow if you want a vegetable with many variations and fast results. You can plant one variety or many simultaneously, ranging from crisp and juicy iceberg lettuce to succulent and slightly bitter romaine lettuce. Lettuce matures quickly, and excellent results can be expected in as little as 40 days.
Planting Your Lettuce Using a Raft System
A floating raft-style bed is a perfect choice for plants like lettuce, leafy greens, and herbs. You may use a raft system explicitly designed for this purpose or simply a sheet of styrofoam cut to around one inch thick.
The raft should be able to float effortlessly on top of the water while still leaving enough space for your filter tubes, fish, and other equipment.
Aquaponics containers are usually two inches, but you’ll need to cut holes wide enough to fit them. Drawing around the pot directly on the styrofoam and using it as a cutting template is an ideal way to do this.
Specific Care and Instructions
1. Growing Lettuce Using Seeds
You can either start with seeds or use seedlings with roots to produce your lettuce. You’ll need a seed-starting medium like rock wool or Oasis cubes if you wish to use seeds.
2. Ensuring the Correct pH Values
You must start with the correct pH level and sustain it during the growing process to ensure a healthy crop.
pH research kits are extremely useful and should be used with any Aquaponics system.
These can be purchased for as little as $5 at most pool, pet, and hardware shops. The ideal pH range for growing lettuce is 6.0 to 6.2.
3. Lighting Levels and Temperature
Lettuce requires up to 18 hours of sunshine a day to thrive. If possible, position your machine near a sunny window.
Although this won’t have enough light during the day, artificial growth lights that turn on at sunset and turn off a few hours later may be used to replace natural lighting.
When it comes to determining the ideal temperature, lettuce grows well at temperatures between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s also a great idea to keep the water at about 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
4. Ensuring the Right Level of Nutrients
You do not need to apply any nutrients to your system for lettuce cultivation with the correct Aquaponics configuration.
There are periods when lettuce needs extra nutrients that your fish cannot have. One such nutrient is calcium. This can be directly added to the leaves and has no negative effects on the fish.
5. Protecting Your Lettuce from Pests
After giving so much time and money to your lettuce, the last thing you want is to discover that insects or diseases have attacked it.
Choose chemicals that aren’t toxic to the fish or the plants themselves, follow the manufacturer’s instructions, and you can begin growing lettuce in an Aquaponics system as soon as possible.
Tips and Tricks
To gain the most out of your lettuce harvest, there are specific pointers and tricks that you should know:
1. When to Grow
Growing leaf vegetables, such as lettuce or Asian greens, at the right time is critical to success. All these crops need a temperature between 10 to 25 degrees Celsius or 50 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit.
You can grow these crops throughout most of the year around the world, but generally, you run into three main issues when you try to grow them out of season:
- Firstly, the plants tend to produce seeds prematurely or “bolt” quickly. Sometimes, they don’t even make it past the ceiling before bolting.
- Often they don’t taste perfect due to the stress of growing out of season, which makes them taste bitter.
- Pests tend to attack stressed plants and target them out of season because it is nature’s way for bugs to finish plants off.
So, wherever in the world you are growing your salad crops, it should be at the right time of year since your climate should be the priority to get the best results.
2. Liquid Fertilizers
Lettuce crops are leafy, fast-growing plants that respond well to regular small amounts of liquid fertilizers. In particular, liquid fertilizers are high in nitrogen.
You can use commercial liquid fertilizers as directed or make your own nitrogen-rich feeds such as those from animal manures or plant-based compost teas.
Whichever liquid fertilizer you use, remember the two terms, small and regular. The term small means a small amount of fertilizer mixed in with the water. For example, if you’re going to make manure or compost tea, only use a small amount.
By using a large amount of liquid fertilizers, you risk the chance of burning your crops because these leaves can be pretty sensitive.
The term regular means that you’re providing small amounts to your crops at regular intervals at least every 10 to 14 days. Giving it a good weekly feed will keep them growing and healthy.
Never let your salad crops dry out and start to wilt, as this can trigger bolting to seed and produce bitter leaves.
On the other hand, salad crops grown in soil or a potting medium shouldn’t be overwatered to the point that they are standing in stagnant water for an extended period as the plants’ tender root system and base can easily rot.
An effective way to check if your salad crops are getting enough water is to stick your finger into the bed down to about the third knuckle and feel the dampness. If your finger comes out dry and you can’t feel any dampness, then you need to water your bed.
Lettuce is one of the easiest and fastest vegetables to grow in an Aquaponics garden when you have the right conditions in place. There is no reason you shouldn’t enjoy delicious crisps and versatile salad leaves in a matter of weeks.