How Long Does Chicken Last in the Fridge?

Chicken is a mainstay in any family so naturally, there are a lot of questions surrounding how to store it safely!

When you know how long chicken lasts in the fridge, you can meal plan better and safely prepare delicious, nutritious meals for your family.

Find all our Trim Healthy Mama-friendly Chicken Recipes here!

How long does chicken last in the fridge?

When it comes to answering the question of how long will chicken last in the fridge, you want to consider if it is raw or cooked.

  • Raw chicken will last for 1-2 days in the fridge.
  • Cooked chicken will last for 3-4 days.

There are, however, some variables to these facts.

Often, chicken is frozen first and then placed in the fridge to thaw. If this happens, you can extend how long it will last by ½ a day to a full day.

When in doubt, it might be best to not use your chicken. While you did pay good money for it, chicken can harbor bacteria like Salmonella which can lead to serious sickness.

21 Trim Healthy Mama Recipes for Leftover Chicken

How long can you keep chicken in the fridge?

This question is asked by people almost every day.

You buy chicken, meaning to cook it that night, but something comes up and you need to postpone that dinner.

Or, maybe you cooked a large chicken (here’s how to do that!) and have delicious leftovers you want to get to.

The following are the guidelines for chicken, according to the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA).

Raw chicken

Raw chicken can be kept in the fridge for 1-2 days. This may seem a bit extreme. After all, most people do one large grocery shop per week and may have their raw chicken sitting around for longer.

However, these guidelines are in place for optimal safety. You can use your judgment if you think your raw chicken can last a bit longer but know that you are giving bacteria more of a chance to grow.

The one thing that changes this guideline is if you start with raw chicken and then freeze it. Most people will buy larger value packs and place pieces of chicken in a freezer bag for a later day.

If you have frozen raw chicken, the amount of time it can be kept in the fridge doesn’t start until it is completely thawed. So, if you put frozen raw chicken in your fridge to thaw, it might be able to sit in your fridge for up to 3 days.

Cooked chicken

Cooked chicken can be kept in the fridge for 3-4 days. This is actually a really nice time frame and should give you plenty of opportunities to consume your leftovers.

It’s especially nice if you have cooked a chicken and are waiting for the leftover scraps to make a soup at a later time.

5 Minute Tex-Mex Chicken Soup

Can chicken last a week in the fridge?

Raw chicken

No. Raw chicken can only last 1-2 days in the fridge.

Cooked chicken

No. cooked chicken can only last 3-4 days in the fridge.

Creamy Jalapeno Popper Chicken Thighs

How can you tell if chicken has gone bad?

There are a few exceptionally gross food things, and a chicken that has gone bad is one of them. If you’re not sure how to tell if a chicken is bad, look for these signs.


Both raw and cooked chicken will start to smell stale and even moldy.


Raw chicken should be pink in color. If it is grayish then you shouldn’t eat it. For cooked chicken, watch for signs of a greenish color, or possibly black spots.


While raw chicken might look a bit slimy by nature, raw chicken that is inedible is even slimier. If there are any signs of oozing don’t tempt fate.


Sometimes chicken might not have any of these symptoms, or you might not be aware of them. If, however, you take a bite into your leftover chicken and it feels off, don’t eat the rest of it.

Chicken Cordon Bleu

Chicken storing tips

  • Place raw chicken on a plate in the fridge and cover with plastic wrap, or store in an air-tight container.
  • Store raw chicken on the bottom shelf of the fridge, in case of any leaks.
  • Immediately place pieces of raw chicken in freezer bags to increase the lifespan.
  • Label freezer bags with expiry date and freezer date for future use.
Chicken Thighs In Creamy Tomato Spinach Sauce

Differences between dates

Still confused about what these warnings mean on food? We can help.

Best by date

A best by date means that it will be in the optimal form before the posted date. It is still edible afterward, although you need to use your judgment.

Sell by date

Grocery stores will also use the term, sell by date, to show when the item should be sold before being taken home to cook. It is often used for non-perishable food, such as cookies or spices, so the products don’t become stale sitting on a shelf.

Expired by dates

An expiry date means you should not use the product after this time. There are too many risks and you could experience severe illness if consumed.

Mushroom, Chicken & Rice Pilaf

Related Questions

Risks of eating spoiled chicken

As soon as you eat something loaded with bacteria, your body will do everything it can to eliminate this harmful, foreign substance.

Spoiled chicken could have bacteria such as Salmonella. The result is vomiting or diarrhea, or both.

The severity of food poisoning can vary greatly. You might have a bad hour or two after which you can quickly recover. Or, you might have a very bad night as your body won’t rest until every foreign body in you has been expelled.

Those that have been ill as a result of spoiled chicken or other food-related issues, will think twice about consuming food past their recommended times.

How long after eating bad chicken will I get sick?

Getting sick after eating bad food is a terrible feeling. It can come out of nowhere and all you can do is suffer until the sickness is over.

If you eat bad chicken, you won’t get sick right away. Instead, it can take anywhere from 8 to 72 hours to become sick. This is why it is hard to trace food poisoning to the exact food that caused it.

Breeding Rabbits: Your Get Started Guide! TIPS & FAQs

“Breeding like rabbits,” is an old saying because few things picture a prolific pair more accurately than a buck and doe!  Why not capitalize on this and learn how to breed your own rabbits? After all, if it’s so easily done in nature, how hard can it be in your home?

If you’re looking into how to breed rabbits, then you’ve come to the right place. Our aim is to give you as much information as possible and answer all your rabbit breeding questions.

Why breed rabbits?

The first thing to discuss is just why someone would want to breed rabbits in the first place. Well, there are actually quite a few reasons. You might have your own ideas but if you’re new to the topic, these might inspire you.

To create more pets

If you have two amazing rabbits, why not have them breed together to create a long line of rabbit pets? Perhaps your sister has noticed how docile your rabbits are, or how cuddly they are. Maybe the next-door neighbor has become interested and is now spending every afternoon hanging out with your pets? Whatever the reason is, breeding rabbits is a good way to create more pet rabbits.

There are a few stipulations you’ll want to consider if you choose to breed rabbits for more pets. One is that rabbits like to procreate. So, if you only want one litter of rabbits, then you will need to either separate original two adult rabbits, or you will have to have at least one of them spayed or neutered.

The second stipulation is that you will want to make sure your original rabbits are not siblings. In-breeding can lead to a whole host of genetic mutations which isn’t fair to the animals. We’ll discuss this further in another section, as breeding is more than just a simple task.

To make an income

If you love animals and want to ear a bit of extra money in your spare time, rabbit breeding is a great opportunity. It doesn’t require too much time and while there are upfront costs, they aren’t very expensive. Furthermore, the time between spending on these costs and recouping your money is relatively short.

Our daughter was able to make a small profit from breeding and selling rabbits; after food and bedding costs, and selling the bunnies at $25 each, she’d make about $25 after 6 months off of one litter. 

She could have made a lot more since she was breeding Lionhead rabbits, which typically sell for $50+ – but since we were the ones handling the listing online and the messages, etc. we priced them to sell fast – making sure they went to good homes of course!

As always, there are certain things to consider if you want to make money from breeding rabbits. The biggest is if you have the time, money, and space to provide accurate care for your rabbit breeding enterprise.

Rabbits are living animals. They deserve our respect. If you don’t have enough time to properly care for them, or enough money for their up-front vet bills, then this is not a good fit.

You should also look at your marketplace. Do you have buyers lined up? Is there a strong enough interest where you live? At the end of the day, you don’t want to have a litter of rabbits to care for. However, you should also be prepared for this worst-case scenario. Breeding rabbits is a business.

Create a business plan and prepare for all eventualities before undertaking it. 

How to breed rabbits

So, you have a good reason for breeding rabbits and now want more information on how to actually achieve your plan.

Select two rabbits

Unless you’re unfamiliar with the birds and the bees, you will need a male rabbit and a female rabbit. Selecting the two rabbits is a procedure and needs to be fully understood.

Do not use siblings

You should not use two full sibling rabbits. The reason for this is that it causes in-breeding, where unwanted gene mutations can occur.

There is a good chance that you might already have two rabbits at home, at these were likely siblings from the same litter. If this is the case, you can use one of the rabbits, but I repeat, do not use both rabbits for breeding.

Other related pairs are ok

It may seem a bit odd for us humans, but breeding a mother rabbit to a son, or a father rabbit to a daughter is perfectly acceptable. It happens naturally in the wild, so is fine to be replicated in a forced breeding situation. Cousins can also be bred together.

Stay healthy

It might seem obvious, but only select healthy rabbits for breeding. If a rabbit is sick or has an abnormality, then it might have a defective gene. You do not want to pass on this condition. Choose healthy, strong rabbits as they will have the best chance of survival for future litters.

Focus on one trait

Many rabbits are bred because of their positive traits. If you have a rabbit with cute, floppy ears, it’s nice to have this trait passed down. The opposite is also true. If your rabbit’s ears are not as floppy as you would like, pairing them with a rabbit with floppier ears should result in more desired ears. This might not always be the case, but the more selective you are about which traits you want to success, the more it will happen through successive breeding.

Stick to the same rabbit breed

People want rabbits that are of pure breed. Mixed-rabbits do not have much value. Furthermore, if too many purebred rabbits are mixed together, then the pool of acceptable bunnies to breed in the future will quickly become depleted. Take your time and find two rabbits that are the same breed for the best success.

When to breed

After you’ve established the two rabbits that will begin your breeding program, it becomes the task of deciding when to breed them. While rabbits do, indeed, breed a lot, they don’t actually just do it anytime. As with everything in nature, there is a time for everything.

What age can a male rabbit begin breeding?

A male rabbit can become fertile at between 8 and 12 weeks. He should not be allowed to breed, however, until at least 6 months. This is so he can fully mature and reach adulthood. Be sure to separate any rabbits by at least 4 weeks in case of premature breeding.

If you have a male rabbit that you decide is not fit for breeding, then you will want to have him neutered. While this can happen any time after 12 weeks, or once the testicles have descended.

What age can a female rabbit begin breeding?

A female rabbit can become pregnant by 12 weeks, but this is not recommended. She should be allowed to reach full maturity to decrease any health risks, which is around 6 months. For larger breeds, over 10 pounds, wait until she is 9 months old.


If you’re familiar with other species of animals, you may be wondering, do rabbits go into heat? The answer is no. While some animals, such as cats and dogs require the female to be in a sexual cycle, or ready to accept a male partner. Rabbits do not have this period, and thus should be ready to be bred at any time of the year.

The process of breeding

Once your rabbits have reached a mature age, it’s time to start breeding them. While the actual deed is over quite quickly, it’s important to understand the mechanics to know just what is happening and if everything has been successful.

Getting to know each other

Location is always important and with rabbits this is especially true. Be sure to take the female rabbit to the male rabbit’s cage. Male rabbits are very territorial. If you put them in a strange place, they will want to assert their dominance. If the mating can happen in his own territory, then the male rabbit will focus more on the task at hand.

A quick dance

Because female rabbits don’t need to rely on a heat cycle, they are pretty much ready to mate at any time of the year. And with male rabbits, they are always ready. Be prepared for the male rabbit to mount the female rabbit almost instantly.

A precursor might be a bit of smelling or re-positioning, but essentially, once the male rabbit is comfortable, he will move around to the back of the female rabbit and mount her. The actual act will take but mere moments so pay close attention to ensure it has been done.


After successful copulation, a most peculiar act happens. The male rabbit will grunt and then fall off of the female rabbit. Why do rabbits fall off after mating? Well, it’s a sign of success. Unless the grunting and falling have happened, then copulation has not actually occurred. Again, this is why you will want to pay attention once you place the two rabbits together.

Even if a successful mating has been performed, it’s best to wait another 30 minutes and allow a second round to occur. Much like other animals, the more you try, the better the odds. A second mating often leads to a higher chance of pregnancy as well as a larger litter size.

No success

Despite their habitual need to breed, not all rabbits are successful. Some rabbits will decide to play with each other instead of mating. Sometimes, while the male rabbit is interested, the female rabbit is not. The female rabbit needs to raise her hindquarters to initiate mating. If she doesn’t, the male rabbit won’t be in the right position.

You can wait up to 20 minutes with both rabbits in the same cage. If success has not been found, then remove the female rabbit and place her back in her cage. Wait at least 12 hours before trying again to improve the odds of conception. Do not try to force mate rabbits. Like any other animal, this is disrespectful and inhumane.

Signs of pregnancy

Now begins the waiting game. There is always a chance that while the male rabbit was successful in his endeavors, his aim was not accurate. After copulation, check the female rabbit to ensure there is no discharge on her fur or underneath her.

After two weeks of a successful mating, you should be able to tell if a rabbit is pregnant. She won’t have any outward signs, so you will have to feel if there is anything internal. The way to tell if your rabbit is pregnant is by gently palpating her stomach. You want to be gentle, so if this is your first time and you are nervous, it’s best to visit a vet to have them show you how.

Inside a rabbit’s abdomen, you should be able to feel the embryos. They will be about the size of a grape at this point, and there should be multiple embryos.

Before you start mating a rabbit, be sure to weigh them. Then, two weeks later, weigh the female rabbit again. If she is pregnant, she will be heavier than before.

If you’re still not sure, bring your rabbit into a vet. They will be able to perform an ultrasound for accurate information. While this is an added expense, it is a solid step to make if it’s your first foray into rabbit breeding.

Rabbit gestation period

The gestation period for a rabbit is 31 to 33 days. This is both a short gestation time and a short window of opportunity for a litter to be born. Count your days and do not lose track. If a rabbit goes longer than 33 days, a few things could be happening. First, check to make sure she really is pregnant as it could have been a false diagnosis.

Second, something could have happened to the litter in utero. If it has been more than 33 days, bring your rabbit to the vet. They will be able to perform an ultrasound to see what is happening. They might also try to induce your rabbit. The longer it takes for baby rabbits to be born, the greater the risk of complications.

Preparing for delivery

Between mating and delivery, you really only have a month to prepare. Add in the fact that you can’t confirm if your rabbit is pregnant until the halfway point, and you’ll realize that things need to more quickly.

Make sure your rabbit is properly cared for. It’s easy to think only about the impending litter and forget about the rabbit that is making it all possible. Give her extra food to eat as she has a lot of work to do. Fresh, clean water is also important. Extra alfalfa hay will provide the necessary nutrients she needs.

Make sure your rabbit has a large enough space for her to give birth in. This is called a nest box. It should have fresh, clean hay in it. You don’t need to do much aside from providing this clean place for her.

Caring for the litter

Once a litter of rabbits has been born, it’s important to give them and their mother enough space to bond. Keep your interactions to a minimum and provide plenty of fresh food for your rabbit as she will be hungry producing enough milk for everyone.

How many bunnies does a rabbit have?

You can expect between 1 to 14 new rabbits per litter. The average, however, is 6. If the litter is particularly large, you can also expect, unfortunately, that not all will make it, do to feeding restrictions.

When are rabbits weaned?

Baby rabbits will need to stay with their mothers for at least 8 weeks. At 6 weeks, they will be weaned, but until 8 weeks they will continue to take nourishment from their mother. This comes in the form of cecotropes, which disgusting as it sounds, is actually poop. The soft feces are rich in nutrients and have everything a little rabbit needs to grow and develop.

After 8 weeks you can start introducing rabbit food until they are fully weaned, from both milk and cecotropes. This is also the time that you can start selling your rabbits. Do not sell any rabbits until they are fully weaned. If done too early they will not have a proper immune system for survival.

How to make money breeding rabbits

Now that your rabbits have successfully been bred, a litter has been born, and the baby rabbits are able to leave their mother, it’s time for the selling aspect.

What breeds are best for selling

Selling rabbits is all about finding the right market. Current rabbit trends include those that are easily domesticated, sociable, and just downright cute. Some of the most popular rabbit breeds are:

  • Dutch rabbit – energetic and sociable; loves children
  • English Lop – adorable large floppy ears
  • Lionhead rabbit – sociable, trainable; amazing furry mane – we have a whole article on Lionhead rabbits, here! 
  • American rabbit – calm and sweet; not recommended for children
  • California rabbit – sociable and cuddly; thick fur is ideal for cold weather

How much to sell rabbits for

The cost of a rabbit varies greatly. You can expect to sell a rabbit for between $20 and $200. The rarer the breed is, and the more in-demand it is, the higher the price you can expect. While this might seem like a small profit, given all the costs, remember that you will be selling the entire litter. So, be sure to multiply your figure by an average of 6 rabbits to project your true profits.

Where to sell rabbits

The hardest part of this whole process might just be how to actually sell your rabbits. Online is your best bet. Look for livestock groups or pet owner groups to share your details. You can also try to establish a relationship with a pet store, or at least try to be allowed to post your information in the store. The trick is to target as many people as possible. If you can, have interest even before a litter is born.

What are upfront costs?

Unfortunately, you can’t just expect to walk away with $1,200 after selling your litter of rabbits. Even if you are able to charge top dollar for your rabbits, you still need to factor into the costs.

Original rabbits

Just as you will eventually want to sell a rabbit, you will need to first purchase your rabbits. You might already have one or two, which is great. If not, factor in an initial $40 to $400 fee for the two rabbits. Thankfully, this will be just a one-off cost.


Rabbits need to eat. Your female rabbit will need more food than your male rabbit once she is pregnant and with her litter. Expect $25 per rabbit per month.

Vet bills

Unless you are a seasoned rabbit breeder, you will want to have your rabbit visit a vet at least once during her pregnancy. One visit is about $80. However, put aside extra in case of pregnancy complications or unexpected illnesses.

Bottom line

With each litter, you can expect to make between $300 and $1000. A female rabbit can produce up to 4 litters in a year. There is money to be made breeding rabbits but there is also time and energy that needs to be invested.


Here are few more common questions about how to mate rabbits you’re still wondering about.

What is a baby rabbit called?

A female rabbit is also known as a doe. A male rabbit is also known as a buck. As for a baby rabbit, it is called a kit. While a rabbit does give birth to a litter, kit is not short for kitten.

Can I purchase a pregnant rabbit?

Yes. If you want a bit of an easier start to breeding rabbits, you could just purchase a pregnant rabbit from a reputable breeder. This saves you from having an extra rabbit to care for and feed. There will be an extra cost to this, but if you’re not quite sure about where to start, it is a good way in.

How many litters can a rabbit have in a year?

A rabbit will need up to 31 days for gestation. Afterward, she will need 8 weeks to properly feed her litter and wean them. This amounts to almost 13 weeks. Once this cycle has been completed, you can begin to breed your female rabbit again, if it is to the same original male. You can then expect a maximum of 4 litters per year.

Do rabbits mate for life?

No, unlike some animals, rabbits do not mate for life. While some rabbits may seem more social with others, if you want to try different breeding partners, you will not upset any sense of relationship.

Going forward

We hope that this article has successfully answered the question on how to breed rabbits successfully. While the act of mating is relatively short, there is a lot that needs to happen both before and after copulation. Rabbits are wonderful animals and are steadily increasing in popularity as a household pet. There is a good market space for properly bred rabbits. Take your time, understand all the risks and rewards. When you’re ready, treat your rabbits with respect and kindness and be sure to find good homes for them.

Cultivator vs Tiller: Are they Different?

When it comes to garden tools, it can be hard to know just which one is right for you. If you’re unsure if you should use a cultivator or a tiller to craft the perfect garden, we will be happy to answer all your questions.

Cultivator vs tiller:

Both a cultivator and a tiller work to improve your soil. A cultivator works to turn already loosened soil and increase nutrients and airflow. A tiller works to break up hard, condensed soil. From start to finish, gardens need a lot of work. Start with a tiller to clear the land of brush and unwanted root structures.

You may need to pass through a few times to really eliminate hard clumps of soil. Then, use a cultivator to aerate your soil and loosen it up for further digging and planting. While a tiller is usually only needed at the beginning of a project, a cultivator can be used every year to renew your garden.

Types of Cultivators

Cultivators are excellent tools to create the backyard you’ve always dreamed of. But, like most tools, it’s important to find the one that works best for the job.

Mini Cultivators

When it comes to gardening tools, you will be forgiven if you immediately think of large industrial farming equipment. Luckily, much smaller home-use versions are readily available.

While you can see cultivators attached to large tractors, mini cultivators are small enough to be pushed through your garden. They have two to three tines attached that work to break up the soil.

Electric Cultivators

While many mini cultivators are gas-powered, some have corded electric motors. These versions allow you to not worry about running out of gas mid-journey, and also have the added benefit of being environmentally-friendly.

The only drawback to electric cultivators is the cord. Be sure to keep the cord well away from the cultivating blades to prevent any unwanted accidents.

Types of Rototillers

Rototillers, often known as tillers, will vary in construction. The type of tiller you choose will depend on how deep you need to till and whether you are trying to work in a tight space or not.

Front-Tine Tillers

The tines of tillers are the blades that rotate to turn the soil over. If you have a front-tine tiller, then your tines are placed at the front of the machine.

Front-tine tillers are fairly close together. This allows you to move the machine in between shrubs or flowers without disrupting their root structures.

This type is easier to maneuver as you have more control over what areas of ground are being dug up.

In addition to turning dirt, front-tine tillers can also help with mixing soil and adding compost.

Rear-Tine Tiller

In contrast to front-tine tillers are rear-tine tillers. With these machines, the tiller blades are placed at the back of the engine.

The result is a much more heavy-duty tool that can work hard to break new ground. They are perfect for creating new, large gardens or clearing a lot of brush from the area.

Because of where the tillers are placed, it can be a bit harder to push and direct rear-tine tillers. As a result, they can greatly intimidate people from trying to use them.

Vertical-Tine Tillers

While front-tine tillers and rear-tine tillers are the most common, you might also come across vertical-tine tillers. They are relatively new and act a little differently than the norm.

Although the two previous versions of tillers work to move the blades down into the ground, vertical-tine tillers work to push the blades through the soil, right in front of the engine. The result is a machine that is a bit easier to push.

You can use vertical-tine tillers to break through the ground and create a new garden, or to loosen the soil. The lines in the soil work great for planting seeds.

Tiller/Cultivator Combos

Finally, why have two different tools if you can have a combination tool? By combing a cultivator and a tiller, you will have a machine that can work to get your garden ready for beauty.

Dual rotating tines

The tines, or blades, of both tillers and cultivators will work usually in one direction only, either forward or counter-rotation. Sometimes this is pre-determined and sometimes you can choose which direction they rotate in.

With dual rotating tines, you can have two tines move in opposite directions as they dig into the soil. The result is a bit more power and a wider path of open ground.

Related Questions:

When should you use a tiller?

A tiller should be used in the spring, after temperatures return to above zero. This usually happens around March or April. The soil should be dry so it doesn’t immediately start to become compacted again. Tillers are best used before the growing season to get your garden ready.

Is a front tine or rear tine tiller better?

If you have a large garden or space to till, a rear tine tiller is better. The tines are wide apart and can cover a lot of ground.

If you have a spall space to till, then a front tine tiller is better. These tines are closer together and can get into tight spaces without wrecking your existing planting area.

Can I use a cultivator to aerate my lawn?

Instead of purchasing two different lawn tools, if you have a cultivator, you can use it to aerate your lawn. A cultivator works to break up clumps of dirt and provides a means for oxygen and nutrients to penetrate down to root structures.

When should you use a cultivator?

If you notice that there is an abundance of weeds in your yard and the dirt has become quite compact, this is the time to use a cultivator. Don’t overuse this garden tool; wait until your soil needs to be broken up.

Lionhead Rabbits: Complete Guide to Care, Lifespan, Breed info, and FAQs!

Are you considering a new pet? You may have heard about lionhead rabbits, but what exactly are they? In this guide, we will provide all the information you need to decide if a lionhead rabbit should be the next addition to your family!

What is a lionhead rabbit?

History and Origins

If you’ve come to this guide, the most obvious piece of information you’re after is just what is a lionhead rabbit?

Relatively new to the scene, lionhead rabbits have only become popular in the United States since the 1990s. They have steadily gained attention and now are a sought-after pet for those wanting a bit of diversity to their household.

The exact origin of lionhead rabbits isn’t known, but many speculate that they came about by a Neanderthal dwarf rabbit being bred by a Swiss Fox rabbit in Belgium. The result was a gene mutation that created the appearance of a mane or a long ring of fur around the rabbit’s head. Hence the name, Lionhead.

When it comes to status, we can look to the competition world, and both the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) and in the United Kingdom, the British Rabbit Council (BRC). Both organizations recognized the Lionhead rabbit in the last decade. As a result, you can enter a Lionhead rabbit into competition.

Who they are for

Lionhead rabbits are perfect for anyone who wants a domestic pet and isn’t afraid of trying something new. Lionhead rabbits are the perfect combination of playful sillies and quiet cuddles. If you have children, Lionhead rabbits are the perfect companion.

How to care for Lionhead Rabbits


Lionhead rabbits have a lot of hair.

They get their name by their mane-like hair and are super cuddly because of it, but this long fur needs a lot of grooming. Ideally, you should brush your lionhead rabbit at least once a week.

This is the case whether your rabbit has a single mane or a double mane. A single mane will be mostly covered with medium length fur, and a Double Mane Lionhead is more than 50% covered with long fur.

Longer fur means more grooming, so be prepared for that if you opt for a double maned lionhead.

You can purchase a special grooming brush either at your local pet store or online.

Hold the rabbit with one hand and gently work your way through their mane and down their coat.

Lionhead rabbits grow thicker coats over winter and then shed, or molt, during the spring.

When Lionhead rabbits molt, you will need to brush their coats up to three times a week.

Your rabbit will want to help with the process and groom, or lick itself, which it will do year-round. However, when there is an excess of fur, it can quickly start to build up in the rabbit’s digestive tract.

While normal amounts of hair are passed through their system, a build-up, or block can happen when the rabbit is molting.

Help your Lionhead rabbit through this season by increasing the amount of brushing you do. Fur-block is entirely preventable. You just need to invest a bit more time with your rabbit.

Do not bathe your lionhead rabbit. Not only do rabbits hate water, but they can actually go into shock if they are immersed in water. Between its own natural grooming abilities and your supplementary brushing, your lionhead rabbit will be as clean as needed.

Nail clipping

When in the wild, rabbits will need to scratch their way around trees and shrubs, which will naturally wear down their nails. In a residential setting, this won’t be possible for your lionhead rabbit. You should include scratching posts for your rabbit, but you will need to supplement with regular nail clipping.

Ideally, clip your lionhead rabbit’s nails once a month. Special clippers are available to help prevent any injuries. While you’re clipping your rabbit’s nails, it’s also a good idea to do a thorough check for anything else.

Go through your rabbit’s coat to check for any bug bites, including fleas and ticks. Also, look for any lumps that could be a sign of a more serious illness.

Another part of your rabbit to check each month is their teeth. Lionhead rabbits can be prone to misalignment of the teeth, which will lead to unnecessary wear and tear.

Check your rabbit’s teeth to see if they line up and if there are any sore spots along the gums. As always, if you think there is anything serious, be sure to visit your vet.


In the wild, rabbits eat grasses, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. For your Lionhead rabbit, you should also provide a varied diet. The majority of your Lionhead rabbit’s diet should be hay.

You can buy it in bulk to save on costs but be prepared to make 70 to 75% of your rabbit’s diet hay. Hay is crucial to help your rabbit’s teeth from growing too large.

A rabbit’s teeth never stop growing and instead depend on external forces to keep them filed down. If you notice your rabbit’s teeth starting to grow too long, then you will need to change its diet.

In addition to hay, Lionhead rabbits will also eat a mix of raw fruit and vegetables. You can include leafy greens, celery, and even berries in their diet. Another part of your lionhead rabbit’s diet should be store-bought pellets. These are high-fiber pellets and should make up about 20% of your rabbit’s diet.

High-fiber pellets20%
Raw fruit and vegetables5%


As most Lionhead rabbit owners will have a child or two at home, the lifespan of this animal is important to consider. Too short and you can risk really upsetting a child. Too long, and you might need to re-house your new pet because of unforeseen circumstances.

Thankfully, Lionhead rabbits live in that perfect range, between 4 and 7 years. This is long enough to form an amazing bond with the animal, but not too short as to cause a child to worry about their demise.

Like most animals, the more well-cared-for your Lionhead rabbit is, the longer they are likely to live.

However, certain problems can always arise. It’s a good idea to find a vet that has experience with rabbits and to take your new pet in for routine checkups.

This way if there are any health problems, you can work to prevent them from becoming serious.


Lionhead rabbits are gaining in popularity as household pets because of their temperaments.

Not only are they lively and energetic, but they also like to snuggle. Lionhead rabbits are very similar to cats. As kittens, they will enjoy multiple toys, lots of games of chase, and zipping around the house.

As Lionhead bunnies become older, they will often settle down a bit and scope out their favorite place to laze around, or the warmest lap to sit on.

Lionheads are extremely good natured, and combined with the genetic mutation that gives them the long fur around their heads are not only a pleasant pet to spend time with, but pleasant to look at as well.

They are happy to cuddle up and enjoy as much attention as they can get.

Breed information

There are two main types of lionhead rabbits: single mane and double mane. The number of manes comes as a result of the number of genes a rabbit receives from its parent. Two mane genes result in a double mane while one mane gene results in a single mane.

Interestingly, though, you can’t actually tell the difference between a single mane and a double mane rabbit as an adult. They are only discernable at birth. To tell the difference, look for a V formation around the belly of a rabbit. This will signify it is a double mane breed. Single mane lionhead rabbits will look like any other rabbit.

Within the lionhead rabbit umbrella, there are different categories for colors.

  • Ruby Eyed White (REW)
  • Tortoise (blue, black, chocolate, lilac)
  • Chocolate and Seal
  • Siamese Sable

When to spay and neuter

When it comes to reproduction, rabbits act like, well rabbits. If you have two rabbits, a male and a female, to be exact, you need to make a decision and you need to make it fast. If you plan on breeding your rabbits, then you will not want to spay or neuter them.

If, however, you do not want more rabbits, then you will need to take them to a vet to be spayed and neutered. The ideal time for a female rabbit is 4 to 6 months, but for a male rabbit, the procedure can be done as early as 8 to 12 weeks.

Keep in mind that rabbits can copulate earlier than this. It’s best to keep your rabbits in plain view and in separate cages until either has been spayed or neutered.

If you aren’t worried about breeding, you still might want to consider spaying and neutering for behavioral reasons. As adults enter their teenage years, they can become quite frisky and over-active. Taking them to the vet can help with this and make them a bit more docile.

Tricks and training

If you’ve ever wanted a cross between a dog and a cat, that would be the Lionhead rabbit. Not only does it snuggle like a cat, but it can be trained to perform tricks like a dog!

Litterbox training

That’s right – your lionhead rabbit can be litterbox trained! The thought of having a rabbit given free-range inside a house inevitably leads to one thought- will there be poop everywhere? Thankfully, the answer is no.

  • Let your rabbit roam around the living room a bit.
  • Observe where it naturally goes to poop. This should be a consistent place.
  • Place the litterbox in this area.
  • If your rabbit goes poop next to the box, gently place the rabbit inside to encourage it.
  • Litterboxes can be placed inside a cage, as long as there is enough space for food, water, moving, and sleeping.
  • Reward your rabbit with a treat at first to encourage good behavior.

Going into cage

Your lionhead rabbit will need a cage to sleep in or be in while you are out of the house. It makes a big difference to everyone if your rabbit actually likes going into the cage.

  • Observe what your rabbit’s favorite type of food is and use this as a treat.
  • Keep the food in your hand.
  • Gently pick up your rabbit and put it near the opening of the cage.
  • As you move your hand with the treat into the cage, say the words, “Go in.”
  • Once your rabbit is inside the cage, you can give him the treat.
  • Repeat for a while and then try without the treat.


Hop, little bunny, hop! What better way to impress your friends than to have your Lionhead rabbit perform its amazing jumping feats!

  • Select a piece of your rabbit’s favorite food and use it as a treat.
  • Choose a time when your rabbit is ready to play; if it is sleepy or hungry, it won’t want to work with you.
  • Hold the treat on the couch as your rabbit approaches.
  • Say your rabbit’s name and “hop up!”
  • Once your rabbit has placed its front legs on the couch, you can give it the treat.
  • Begin to move the treat further back on the couch, to encourage her to start jumping.
  • Whenever she gets close, give her the treat to encourage more good behavior.
  • Repeat these steps until your rabbit has successfully jumped.

How to know if you should get a rabbit

There’s a lot to consider around getting a pet. Before making any commitment, get as much information on the type of animal you are considering. If you’re still not sure if a lionhead rabbit is the right option for you, answer these questions. The more questions you answer yes to, the more likely a lionhead rabbit is right for you.

  • Are you willing to commit to a pet for up to 7 years?
  • Can you afford at least $60 extra dollars a month?
  • Are you prepared for extra fees, such as vet bills?
  • Do you like cuddly animals?
  • Do you have enough time to spend grooming your rabbit at least once a week?
  • Is your home free of aggressive pets, like dogs or ferrets?

Purchasing Information


A Lionhead rabbit is fairly inexpensive to purchase, ranging anywhere from $50 to $100. However, the biggest expense will be in food. You can expect to pay at least $500 in food costs per year or about $60 per month.

Another expense to consider is your lionhead rabbit’s home. While your rabbit will most likely roam around, either inside or outside, they will need a place to sleep or be kept when no one else is at home. Again, costs vary, but a shelter could be anywhere from $50 to $200.

Before purchasing any pet, it’s important to really think about your budget. Too many pets are returned or re-housed because they are just too expensive to maintain. Lionhead rabbits are less expensive than other pets, however, so are a good idea if you have some money to spend on a new family member but want to stay within budget.

Where to purchase

There are three main avenues to pursue when looking to purchase a Lionhead rabbit: personal sales, certified breeders, and animal shelters.

Personal Sales

If you look on any classified site, such as Kijiji or Craigslist, you will find a pet section. This will be the easiest way to find someone who is personally selling a lionhead rabbit. Often these rabbits will be slightly older and may not have been the right fit for their owners. Or, they could be from a litter of rabbits.

If you go this route, be sure to get as much information as possible. Any past medical histories, including that of the rabbit’s parents, is important to know. If the seller is giving away an older lionhead rabbit, ask how old it is. Remember: lionhead rabbits live about 4 to 7 years. If you are planning on a pet for your child, be prepared for a short time with an older rabbit.

Certified breeders

If you want a baby lionhead rabbit, also known as a kit, then a certified breeder will be your best option. You can find certified breeders on classified sites but also check with local pet stores. The more information you have about the breeder, the better.

While rabbit breeders aren’t often in the news, there are far too many horror stories about puppy mills and unfit breeders. You don’t want to support a person who doesn’t care about their animals. Ask for pictures and if they are near you, ask for a tour of their place.

If you decide to breed your own lionhead rabbits, then you will need to purchase a pair from a breeder. All the necessary paperwork and lineage must be kept for future buyers.

Animal shelters

If possible, check out your local animal shelter for your next lionhead rabbit. Animal shelters can only house pets for so long before a different course of action needs to be taken. And the longer any animal is in a shelter, the bigger the financial burden there will be.

Animal shelters will usually have a surplus of rabbits, including lionhead breeds, as they are not always the right fit for homeowners. Check your local shelter and give an animal its next lease on life.

Alternative rabbits

Not convinced a lionhead rabbit will work for you? You might want to consider these alternatives.

Lop rabbit

Who doesn’t love a bunny with floppy ears? The lop rabbit, which also comes in a miniature version, is the epitome of cuteness. Its ears are extremely floppy and droop well past their shoulders. Their temperament is rather nice, and they are always up for a snuggle. The one thing to caution is that with their long ears comes a propensity for ear infections. You’ll want to conduct routine checks to ensure their health is good.

Netherland Dwarf Rabbit

Lionhead rabbits were bread by both the Swiss Fox rabbit and the Netherland Dwarf rabbit. It makes sense that the latter will appear on this list. When you think about tiny Easter bunnies hopping around, the Netherland Dwarf rabbit will fit perfectly. It is tiny, weighing less than 3 pounds. While their size is adorable, they aren’t as social as other breeds, and actually don’t like to be picked up.

Rex Rabbit

These rabbits have very unique fur that is short and thick. They often have distinguishable markings on their backs, often in zig-zag patterns. Rex rabbits also come in mini versions, if you’re looking for something a bit smaller. They are incredibly social and playful. Health-wise, their thick fur means double duty for brushing to avoid fur-block


How large will a lionhead rabbit get?

Lionhead rabbits are rather small, thanks to their original parents. They will grow to be about 3 pounds in weight and about 8 to 10 inches in length. Their ears will be less than 3 inches long. Their mane, which circles their head, will be about 2 inches long.

Should I get one or two lionhead rabbits?

Unlike dogs or cats which are usually fine by themselves, lionhead rabbits are incredibly social. They want to interact with other animals and people. If you are at work a lot, then it’s best to get a pair of rabbits. It might seem like double the work, but they will play together, relieving you of the responsibility. Keep in mind, though, that with double the rabbits comes double the food. Be prepared to budget this in.

Can I keep my rabbit outside?

While you may want to keep your lionhead rabbit outside, thinking it will like it’s more natural habitat, you have to remember that this breed is purely domestic. It was bread to be a pet and as such, should be kept inside. While you can leave it outside for short periods of time, it can quickly be found by predators such as coyotes, rabbits, and eagles. Even in a cage, your rabbit is not safe, so it’s best not to keep it outside at night.

Going Forward

We hope that this guide to lionhead rabbits was informative and helpful. They really are a wonderful pet to have in your home. Their playful nature makes them a natural fit with children, and their quiet cuddles are perfect in the evening.

If you are able to, greatly consider getting a pair of lionhead rabbits (as long as it isn’t a pair of males, since two male rabbits will fight each other), especially if you will be away from the home for the majority of the day. They are social animals and can quickly become depressed or act out if they are too lonely.

English Shepherds

There are a lot of different dog breeds and it can be confusing as to which is best for your needs. While English Shepherds are often confused with German Shepherds thanks to their name, they more resemble Border Collies. Learn why this type of dog will fit right in with your family.

Why should you choose an English Shepherd?

English Shepherds are the perfect family pet. Their breed was first developed after British and Scottish settlers came to the Americas. While their quick intelligence and adeptness at herding made them ideal farm dogs, their fierce loyalty and playful nature have now made them ideal for a family addition.

What is an English Shepherd dog?

English Shepherd dogs come from the line of collie dogs. They originated in the United States after English and Scottish settlers brought dogs over from the 17th to 19th centuries when they came to American colonies.  

While English Shepherds are becoming more popular as a family pet, they were primarily used as working dogs on farms. They are very intelligent and able to follow a lot of commands.

English Shepherds are very good herding dogs and were used to control livestock such as sheep and goats. They also were used to hunt vermin such as rats.

What does an English Shepherd look like?

An English Shepherd most resembles a border collie, as that is where their lineage lies. While they share the same black white and brown markings as collies, they are larger and so more distinguishable.

History of English Shepherd

When the first settlers from the British Isles came to America in the 16th and 17th centuries, they brought dogs which them. Through breeding generations, the English Shepherd as we know it today was produced.

English Shepherds were used on farms because of their versatility. Not only can they herd livestock, but they can also protect animals, catch vermin, and be loyal companions.

As more people have moved away from farming, English Shepherds have remained as a sought-after breed because of their high intelligence and loyalty.

They are now seen mostly as family pets, although their high energy should be maintained through lots of play and exercise.

Characteristics of the English Shepherd


English Shepherds are medium-sized dogs. Male English Shepherds will grow to be about 19 to 23 inches in height while female English Shepherds will be about 18 to 22 inches in height.


A healthy weight for an English Shepherd is between 40 and 60 pounds. Male dogs will be on the heavier end of the spectrum than female dogs.


When it comes to friendliness, English Shepherds make an excellent choice. They are both docile and patient, making them the perfect dog for a family.

While English Shepherds might take exception to strangers at first, a quick command and an invitation to get to know the person will put their minds at ease. Once an English Shepherd knows who you are, they will be happy to play with you.


One of the really nice traits of English Shepherds is that they are intelligent. While previous generations viewed them as farm dogs and engaged them in such activities as herding sheep and catching vermin, you can still see the high intelligence of these dogs in a family setting.

English Shepherds are quick to learn commands and lover performing new tricks. It’s best to use their intelligence and constantly challenge them so they don’t become bored.

Make sure you include lots of playtime for English Shepherds including a homemade obstacle course and showing off their newly learned tricks.

Health problems

There are two major health problems with English Shepherds.

Hip dysplasia

At around 6 months of age, your English Shepherd may be diagnosed with hip dysplasia. While the severity is different for all dogs, severe cases can lead to eventual lameness in the hind legs.

Early detection can lead to physiotherapy to strengthen the hips and prevent more serious symptoms.

MDR-1 Mutation

Like other herding breeds, about 15% of English Shepherds have this gene mutation. It makes them allergic to some drugs. Thankfully, a quick cheek swab is all that is needed to check for the mutation.


Like all dogs, it’s important to provide your English Shepherd with regular exercise. Daily walks are always a great idea but use their playful and intelligent manner for more exciting pursuits.

Running and swimming are excellent forms of exercising. If you want to get creative, build an obstacle course in your backyard and teach your new pet how to go through it.


English Shepherds will typically live between 10 to 13 years. This is a really nice age and a bit longer than the average lifespan of other dogs.

If you have small children, the long lifespan means that you should have a family dog for most of their childhood, which is quite precious.


For colors, you can expect to see a range of black, brown, and white on English Shepherds. There coloring is similar to border collies and they will often have white chests with brown and black faces.

Litter size

When it comes to litter size, you can expect a female English Shepherd to produce between 5 and 8 puppies. The average litter size is 6 puppies.

English Shepherd puppies take the normal 63 days for gestation although this can vary as it is often hard to determine just when a litter of puppies was conceived.



It can cost a bit more to provide a healthy, balanced diet for English Shepherds. While you can provide their nutrient needs with store-bought food, it’s actually best to prepare your own food.

Their diet should be 50% vegetables, 20% fruit, and 30% meat. The meat should be leaner proteins such as chicken and fish.

If you do decide to purchase kibble, make sure it does not have any filler such as corn or potatoes. These are low in nutrients and won’t add to the overall health of your dog.


You should brush your English Shepherd at least twice a week. Luckily, these dogs are very patient so they will enjoy snuggling next to you as you work through their coat.

If you don’t brush your English Shepherd’s coat often enough, the long hair can hide issues such as rashes and lumps.

As well, their long hair can quickly matte and turn to lumps. If you find you’re not brushing as often as you need to, you may need to take your dog to the groomer to shave off the matted fur and start fresh.


Unfortunately, English Shepherds shed a lot. It might take a bit of effort but once you get into a grooming habit, you can stop the spread of dog hair in the house.

Start with the proper brush – you will need one made specifically for dogs with long hair. Then, start at the top of your dog’s head and slowly work your way down its entire body.

Once you get to the tail, start again. That’s right. To really stop the large amount of shedding it’s best to brush your English Shepherd twice or even three times in a session.

If you can, put a towel or tarp down under your dog before you start brushing. Then, once you’re finished you can either vacuum up the fur or put it outside.

Accessories needed

In addition to a brush specifically made for long-haired dogs, you will want a few other accessories.

A collar and leash are paramount to keep your dog safe. Invest in a collar that is soft and won’t cut into the skin. English Shepherds are easy to train but you should always keep them on-leash in public, just in case.

While you might want to snuggle up with your dog at night, its hair might stop you. In this case, make sure your new dog has a large enough bed to be comfortable and warm in.


The price of purebred English Shepherds varies but you can expect to find puppies between $250 and $500. Remember to always research a breeder and make sure the conditions and lineage are solid.

Related Questions

Do English Shepherds make good pets?

Yes! English Shepherds are one of the best dog breeds to for a family. While they are well suited for all people, they are especially recommended as a family dog if there are young children involved.

Little kids love dogs and don’t always know their own strength. Thankfully, English Shepherds are very gentle and very patient.

They will lie there patiently if their noses are tapped on or their hair is pulled. And, if things get a bit too much, they will simply use a gentle paw to extricate themselves from the madness.

Furthermore, English Shepherds are very receptive to training. So, as long as you teach them commands like Stop and Sit, even if a dog is in a situation they aren’t happy about, you still have control over them to prevent any unwanted behaviors.

Are English shepherds AKC?

AKC stands for the American Kennel Club. It is the pre-eminent leader when it comes to anything dog-related, including recognizing and registering dog breeds.

The English Shepherd breed is not recognized, according to the AKC. Interestingly, they do recognize Australian Shepherds, Dutch Shepherds, and Bohemian Shepherds, to name a few.

Obviously English Shepherds are a specific type of dog. Their lack of recognition by the AKC just means they may be exempt from entering some dog shows.

However, the United Kennel Club (UKC) does recognize the English Shepherd breed.

Are English shepherds aggressive?

One of the great benefits of English Shepherds is that they are not aggressive. Unlike some breeds who naturally want to bark or defend their territory, English Shepherds are much more docile.

Having said that, this breed of dog may raise an alarm if there are strangers who come to visit. But, with proper training, a simple command should put the dog at ease.

Do English Shepherds bark a lot?

Thankfully, English Shepherds do not bark a lot. They might sound an alarm with a stranger, but they can be easily commanded to stop.

Is an English Shepherd a good family dog?

Yes. While English Shepherds were first bred to help on the farm, even in these cases their companionship and loyalty were noted.

While most people don’t own farms anymore, they still keep English Shepherds are pets because they are friendly, playful, and even cuddly.

Do English Shepherds swim?

Yes, English Shepherds love to swim. In fact, this is a great form of exercise if you have a dog that is particularly active.

Do English Shepherds get along with other dogs?

English Shepherds have a very social demeanor, and this includes both humans and other dogs. They are not aggressive so will want to play with other dogs rather than fight them.

Interestingly, English Shepherds will also play with cats. So, if you already have a cat and are looking for a dog that won’t try to attack it in an aggressive manner, this breed is for you.

Stock vs Broth: What’s the difference?

When it comes to cooking, stock is an important ingredient – or maybe it’s broth? The two are easily confused! This post will help break down these important kitchen staples and answer the age-old question; Stock vs broth: what’s the difference?

Stock vs broth: what’s the difference?

While both stock and broth are made from boiling water and meat or vegetable products, which part of the animal that is used differs.

Stock uses the bones of an animal and simmers them in water to extract all their flavors. Broth uses meat from an animal and simmers this in water.

Both stock and broth can use parts from poultry, fish, beef, or vegetables. You can make homemade stock and broth yourself (here’s an easy tutorial on how to do that!), or you can buy different variations of each product from any local grocery store.

The Difference Between Stock and Broth 


Stock is more basic than broth. Stock is created by simmering animal bones, usually chicken, beef, or fish.

Broth usually uses meaty parts of an animal, but you can also find vegetable broth that does not. Both broth and stock will also have a mirepoix in it. This is a French term for the combination of onions, carrots, and celery.

Finally, one major difference between stock and broth is that stock will have added herbs and spices to it including rosemary and bay leaves. Broth usually does not. Vegetable broth will just have vegetables and herbs in it.


If all goes well, both broth and stock will taste flavorful. Because you can also add water to thin out a recipe, you want to start with as thick a stock or broth as possible, to really enhance the flavors.

Stock will taste meatier and broth will taste a bit herbier.

If you can, purchase store-bought broth or stock that is low-sodium. This will make either ingredient taste less salty while allowing you to control the ultimate salt content in your dish.


Both stock and broth are liquids. However, stock will be slightly thicker and give a bit of a full mouth feel. There’s more substance in it, thanks to the breakdown of animal bones.  

When cooled, broth will still be a liquid while stock will actually start to gel. This is from the collagen from the animal bones. Once heated, both return to their natural liquid state.


There are so many uses for stocks and broths. Once you start learning more about these important ingredients, you’ll start realizing how many recipes call for either one!

While you can interchange the two if necessary, the more you know their best uses, especially as a blossoming home cook, the better your food will taste.

Best uses of stock

Every pantry should be stocked with stock! Better yet, the next time you cook a chicken, make your own homemade chicken stock.

Simply place your chicken bones and chicken carcasses in a pot of water. Bring to a boil then let simmer for six to eight hours.

Add in your mirepoix, drain, and store in a freezer-safe container for your next recipe.

You can use stock for gravies, stews, sauces, and soups.  

Best uses of broth

While you can easily buy broth at a grocery store, it is really easy to make homemade broth. If you have leftover pieces of chicken or turkey, simply place them in a pot of water and add your mirepoix.

Bring to a boil then let simmer for six hours. Then, freeze until needed for your next culinary creation.

Broth is a versatile cooking liquid. If you are looking to marinate a dish, add a bit of flavor to mashed potatoes, or make a pasta sauce, you can use a broth.

You can use broth as a base for soup, and while it won’t be as thick as a broth, it will still do the trick quite nicely.

Tips to Remember the Difference of Stock and Broth

Understand the difference between beef broth and stock, chicken stock and broth? If you’re still confused, it’s time to make things simple.

Stock uses bones. A lot of the other ingredients are the same, but the biggest difference is in the bones.

Related Questions

Can I substitute broth for stock? or Vice versa?

Yes, in a pinch you can substitute broth for stock, or vice versa. In fact, stock and broth are often used interchangeably. If you do substitute either liquid, be sure to check the ingredients list first. Broth will often have added herbs in it. If your recipe calls for the same herbs, you might want to scale back so as to not overwhelm your dish. A stock can sometimes be a bit thicker, so you might have to add more water to your dish. The best thing is to continually taste as you prepare your meal and adjust your seasonings as you see fit.

Which is more concentrated: broth or stock?

To make stock, the bones of an animal are used, which carry collagen and marrow in them. These will naturally make any liquid a bit thicker. However, if you are using store bought stock, it all depends on the manufacturer and their ratio of ingredients. It’s best to add a bit of broth at a time and adjust with either more water to thin your dish or add a bit of flour or cornstarch to thicken your dish, as needed.

What is healthier: stock or broth?

Both stock and broth will offer relatively the same nutrients. Stock depends on the bones of an animal, so there will be slightly more calories and a few different micro-nutrients. However, because both are flavored liquids, they really won’t make much of a difference in a recipe. The biggest thing to look for is how much sodium is included, as this can vary greatly. If you are worried about your sodium intake, purchase low-salt stock or broth. This way you then get to control how much salt goes into your meal.

Gas vs Electric Stove: Which is the best for you?

Gas vs electric stove is a question that has been hotly debated for some time now. (See what I did there?)

And, for good reason. When purchasing a new stove, you want to get it right.

Whether it’s a gas stove or an electric stove that you’re looking for, the more information you have, the better. Let’s find out what’s better for you: A gas stove or an electric stove.

Gas vs Electric Stove: Which is the best for you?

The main difference between a gas stove and an electric stove is its heating source. If you’re worried about costs, then choose a stove that has the cheaper power source. This will vary greatly by region, but for the most part, gas is often the more inexpensive option. Electric stoves, however, will be cheaper in unit price. If you’re more concerned about cooking prowess, gas stoves offer more precision. Finally, if you like a fancier kitchen and showing off for your guests, then gas just might the way to go. Overall, though, both gas and electric stoves come in a wide variety of models and with a bit of information, finding the right appliance shouldn’t have to be difficult.

Differences between Gas and Electric Stoves

Gas and electric stoves share the same purpose: they cook food. But how they go about this task is quite different. To help illustrate these differences, here are the pros and cons.

Gas Stove


Gas stoves allow you to perfectly control the temperature at which you are cooking. This means if you need to turn up the heat or down the heat, it is immediate.

Gas stoves are often found in high-end kitchens for a reason. Not only do they perform well, but they look cool, too. Gas stoves are almost always the choice for experienced chefs.


A gas stove requires an open flame to work. While some models require you to use your own flame, many now have a built-in starter button.

However, if you’re worried about open flames, this may not be the option for you. Gas stoves do pose more of a fire hazard than electric stoves, so be sure to keep baking soda and a fire extinguisher handy, just in case.

Furthermore, if you have some junior chefs in the house, you might want to reconsider a gas stove. While they might be ok under your strict guidance, if you have kids that are home alone after school, a no-cooking rule might be the safest way to go.

Electric Stove


Electric stoves don’t have an open flame, so there is far less chance of a kitchen fire. While you still wouldn’t want to place a towel on the hot surface of an electric stove, you have a few minutes to realize your mistake, rather than the mere seconds with a gas stove.

Electric stoves are also incredibly easy to use. Simply turn a knob to start and if you want to lower or increase a temperature, turn the know further.


The biggest reason to not get an electric stove is that it can take a while for the temperature to change, once you’ve adjusted it. This means that if you start off at a boiling temperature, but need to bring the heat down, it can take a while for the temperature to change.

While this doesn’t seem like too much of a convenience, anyone who has spent time in the kitchen will know that the difference between done and burnt exists in those few extra seconds.

While newer, more high-end electric stoves are becoming more efficient, electric stoves that fall in the typical household budget still have a slow reactionary time.

Gas vs stove: Comparison

Let’s get on to the nitty-gritty when it comes to the differences between electric and gas stoves.

Heating time

For those who have had to watch a pot boil, you’ll know how important the heating time is. When you’re in a rush and want to make the perfect pasta, the last thing you need to do is watch as the water slowly comes to a boil.

Electric stoves usually have a faster heating time than gas stoves. This is because the gas-fed flame emits a lot of heat, but not all of it is directed right to the burner.

An electric element, on the other hand, focuses all of its energy only on the circle on the cooktop.

However, an important distinction should be made when it comes to individual models. In a perfect world, you could afford a top of the line electric range. In reality, your budget is likely a tad lower.

Inexpensive electric stoves will most likely have a slower heating time and older models most definitely will.

Cook style

When it comes to cooking, it’s all about style. Taste is also important but for anyone who has entertained for friends, it’s nice to look cool while you’re doing it.

Electric stoves have a few cooking styles to choose from. On the lower end of the budget scale, you will have electric coils that sit on the cook top.

The unfortunate side of this design is that crumbs and spills are a certainty. You will want to place aluminum plates underneath to catch anything and periodically replace them for a cleaner looking kitchen.

For a bit more money, you can purchase an electric stove that has a ceramic or glass top on the surface, with the coils underneath. The result is a streamlined design that is easy to clean up.

The cooking style of gas stoves is all about the number of burners. Four is the average, but some will have smaller coils squeezed in for a combination of five.

If you’re able to really invest in a gas stove, some will have built-in warming plates or even grills to cook on. This results in amazing cooking convenience and versatility.


A gas stove may be high on your kitchen remodel wish list, but there’s one important factor that could stand in your way: a gas line. Most houses will have a gas line, either to their hot water tank or fireplace. But it might not be anywhere near your kitchen.

It is possible to add in a gas line, but like anything, it will cost you. If you haven’t factored in the cost of a gas line to your kitchen, it may stop you from realizing your kitchen dreams.

Electricity, on the other hand, will always be readily available in the kitchen. There are no added costs and you could even put the money that a gas line will cost to upgrading your new appliance.

Electric stoves are more convenient to cook on as you don’t have to worry about finding a flame or pressing the starter button hard enough to start.

However, if you are caught in a windstorm and your power goes out, a gas stove is suddenly a lot more convenient. Just as it’s nice to have a gas fireplace as a secondary heating source to your primary electric baseboards, having a gas stove is a nice backup in an emergency.


When you turn on an electric stove, most of the energy goes towards heating the electric coil. When you start a gas stove, a lot of the energy is lost to the flames which can heat anywhere around the coil.

Therefore, even if you pay less for your gas consumption, gas stoves are less efficient and can end up costing a lot more in energy costs.

It’s hard to tell just how inefficient some models are because you will cook at different temperatures. If you have an electrical stove and aren’t sure how efficient it is, use the warmth test.

How much of the stovetop is hot? If it’s just the coil area, then it’s an efficient stove. If, however, it’s the whole surface, then too much heat is going elsewhere.


Without a doubt, electric stoves are safer than gas stoves. An open flame is, after all, a fire hazard.

While electric cooktops can become quite hot, as well, items placed on a hot surface will not immediately catch fire.

One important safety detail that some people miss is the possibility of gas leaks. If a gas stove has the gas source on, but there is no flame to burn it, then the gas can quickly fill the room.

Thankfully, natural gas, which will be the source of your stove, has a sulfuric smell added to it, which should smell like rotten eggs. If you smell this, immediately go outside and call the authorities.


While both gas and electric ranges have price points across the spectrum, on the whole, gas stoves are going to be more expensive.

A basic electric stove will be about $500, while a basic gas stove will be about $600. From there, the ceiling is practically endless.

Operational cost

To figure out the operating costs of either appliance, you will have to determine your local utility rates. On the whole, gas costs less than electricity, but by how much will determine within each region. If you have solar panels, this will also greatly offset the cost.

Without confusing you with too much math, it will cost about $2.40 per month to run a gas stove and about $6.00 to run an electric stove. This equates to $28.80 per month for a gas stove and $72.00 per month for an electric stove. Again, this will vary depending on how much your utilities cost in your region.

Durability or maintenance      

Electric stoves are more durable than gas stoves. The flat surface of electric stoves allows you to place pots and pans of any weight and not worry about spilling.

Gas stoves rely on coils for you to place your pans. If you put it down at the wrong angle, something could easily spill, or even break.

As for maintenance, again, electric stoves are the better pick. Gas lines don’t usually break, but if they do, you need to call an expert.

If there is an electrical issue, you could try to safely DIY a fix. Gas should not be played around with.

What’s best for you?

So, what’s better: an electric stove or a gas stove? Unfortunately, there is no easy answer.

Budget, cooking techniques and décor all play a part in your decision.

While this may seem a bit defeating, it’s actually a good thing. Because there are so many models to choose from in each category, you can find exactly what will work best for you.

While gas stoves might have been the quintessential piece of a kitchen, new technology means both options are valid. You can rest easy knowing that whatever you pick, you will still be able to cook all your favorite dishes and impress your guests.

Related Questions

Is gas or electric stove better?

If you asked this question 10 years ago, the answer would be a gas stove. Now, thanks to technological advancements, the answer is about equal.

Electric stoves have come a long way in both exterior looks and performance. They are now used in high-end kitchen remodels.

Ultimately, when deciding which to purchase, start by making a list of your own personal needs. Then, go through and see which model will work best for you. There is no wrong answer in this debate.

What is cheaper: gas or electric stove?

An electric stove is the cheaper alternative. Not only are electric stoves less expensive as a unit but they also don’t require a gas line.

Most kitchens won’t have a gas line to the stove area, which means you will need to install one. This can be quite pricey, depending on where you need to tap into.

While the initial cost is more for an electric stove, the day-to-day costs of a gas stove will actually be cheaper, due to utility rates.