How Long Does Rice Last in the Fridge?

Rice is one of the most popular foods in the world, and is a staple of diets for people around the globe. It’s so delicious, affordable, and easy to cook, it’s natural to buy and cook rice in large quantities. But how long can you store rice? Is it different for different kinds of rice? Let’s find out.

How Long Does Rice Last in the Fridge?

Cooked white rice lasts in the fridge for 4 -6 days, when properly stored. Cooked brown rice lasts a shorter period of time, 3 -5 days, while wild rice lasts as long as white rice.

Uncooked rice doesn’t need to be refrigerated, and dry white rice, wild rice, jasmine rice, basmati, and arborio rice can last for years when stored unopened at room temperature. Again, brown rice has a shorter shelf life, and only lasts 3 – 6 months when stored in the pantry.

How Long Does Rice Last?

Type of Rice At room temperature In the fridge In the freezer
Uncooked white rice 4 -5 years N/A Up to 30 years
Uncooked brown rice 3 -6 months 6 – 12 months 12 – 18 months
Uncooked wild rice 4 -5 years N/A Up to 30 years
Uncooked jasmine, basmati, arborio, etc. 4 -5 years N/A Up to 30 years
Cooked white rice Up to 2 hours 4-6 days Up to 6 months
Cooked brown rice Up to 2 hours 3-5 days Up to 2 months
Cooked wild rice Up to 2 hours 4-6 days Up to 6 months
Cooked jasmine, basmati, arborio, etc. Up to 2 hours 4-6 days Up to 6 months

Because rice is such a durable food, manufacturer’s print “best by” dates on the packaging, and most rice is safe to eat far beyond that date. Making your rice last as long as possible means packaging it in an air-tight container, and dry or cooked rice are great foods to vacuum-seal for maximum freshness and longevity.

How to Store Dry Rice

To make your uncooked rice last as long as possible, store the unopened package in a cool, dry place. To make brown rice last longer, store it in a dark place protected from sunlight.

Once you have opened the package, place the rest of the uncooked rice in an airtight container. Dry rice will last in a container in the pantry for several years.

However, if you want to give your uncooked rice extra protection from bugs and pests, dust, or other contaminants, you can place the container in the fridge or freezer, where it will last indefinitely.

Uncooked brown rice, as we can see already, is a bit special. Because brown rice is the whole rice grain, it has the all proteins, nutrients, and oils that are removed from white rice. Unfortunately, those nutrients and oils are more delicate and break down more quickly. Brown rice will not last as long as any other kind of rice even under the best storage conditions.

How Best to Preserve Cooked Rice

Cooked rice is extremely moist, making it a potential breeding ground for bacteria. If you are going to save cold rice to eat at another time, it’s important to store it properly right away and not leave it sitting out for more than 2 hours.

Cool it quickly. Spread cooked rice out on a baking sheet or tray so it cools more quickly. On a hot, humid day, consider putting the tray in the refrigerator to bring the temperature down.

Place cool rice in an airtight container and label it with the date. You may use a tightly sealed plastic container, or a heavy-duty resealable plastic bag.

Refrigerate or freeze it right away. If you are planning on freezing the rice, put it in the freezer right away. In other words, don’t let it sit in the fridge for four days and then move it to the freezer.

Do You Need to Reheat Rice?

You don’t have to reheat rice. Cold rice is perfectly safe to eat, if you prefer it that way. There are also hundreds of great recipes for leftover rice, so rather than simply reheating, you may choose to transform leftover cooked rice into a different delicious dish.

But, if you want to, you can easily reheat rice in the microwave. Simply add a splash of water to the rice and stir every 1-2 minutes until the rice is heated all the way through and you have broken up any clumps. 

Related Questions

How can you tell if rice is spoiled?

For both dry or cooked rice, look for signs of discoloration or dark spots that may be mold. Smell the rice to make sure it smells like it should. Dry rice may also have signs of insects or pests on or in the packaging. If you are in doubt about your rice, discard the entire package.

Is it safe to eat leftover rice?

Cooked rice that stays out at room temperature too long is a common source of food poisoning, so cool and store rice right away. If leftover rice is cooled and refrigerated within an hour, it is safe to eat for up to 6 days, but always inspect and smell leftover rice to make sure it hasn’t spoiled.

Does dry rice go bad?

If dry white rice is stored in a dry, air tight container, it may never go bad. Dry brown rice, however, will go bad within a few months. If dry rice gets damp or exposed to air, it will go bad more quickly.

How Long Does Pizza Last in the Fridge?

Leftover pizza is one of the main culinary pleasures of young life, and a staple of the college diet. But how long can pizza last, and are their health risks from eating leftover pizza?

How Long Does Pizza Last in the Fridge?

Here’s a quick reference table for how long pizza lasts when properly stored:

Type of Pizza At room temperature In the fridge In the freezer
Delivered pizza Up to 2 hours 3-4 days 4-6 months
Frozen pizza Up to 2 hours If heated and then refrigerated, will last 3-4 days If continuously frozen, will keep 18 months, or check expiration date
Vegan Pizza Up to 2 hours 3-4 days 4-6 months

While meat and cheese are typically thought of as the least safe ingredients, so vegan pizzas might last longer, the truth is that pizza is only as good as the most perishable ingredient. Olive oil, tomatoes, and other vegan ingredients can also go bad or harbor unsafe bacteria.

Best Way to Preserve Pizza

The best way to save pizza for later is not to put the whole box in the fridge. The air circulation around the pizza makes it go stale more quickly. To best save pizza, use wax or parchment paper. Here’s how:

  1. Place a sheet of wax or parchment paper on the counter.
  2. Place a slice of pizza on the wax paper.
  3. Alternate pieces of wax paper and slices of pizza.
  4. Place the stack of paper and pizza slices into a freezer bag or airtight container.
  5. Place the container in the fridge if you will eat the pizza within the next few days.
  6. Place the container in the freezer if you want to store the pizza for longer.

Using wax or parchment paper allows you to remove a single slice for heating or eating without the slices getting stuck together.

Best Ways to Reheat Pizza

Everybody knows that the microwave is a terrible way to reheat pizza. It makes the crust spongy or soggy, heats unevenly, and can make cheese rubbery. There are so many better ways, and here are our favorites:


Place cold pizza slices on a baking sheet, cover the sheet tightly with tin foil, and heat it on the lowest rack of the oven at 275°F for 25-30 minutes. This heats the pizza evenly, with a bottom that is hot and crisp but the inside of the crust moist and tender. Using the tin foil allows the crust to re-absorb lost moisture and prevents drying out.


For an awful lot of people, heating an oven for a half hour is more effort than they want to spend on leftover pizza. Instead, place a slice of pizza in a skillet, with the heat set to low and a tight-fitting lid on the skillet. Let the pizza heat in the skillet for 5 -8 minutes. This method also traps and retains moisture, heats evenly, crisps the crust and melts the cheese beautifully.

Toaster oven

Leftover pizza can also be easily reheated in a toaster oven. Simply 3-5 minutes at 350°F (or medium-high) gives you melty cheese and crispy crust.

To reheat frozen pizza, simply let it thaw on the counter for an hour or so, and then heat using the methods above.

Related Questions

How can you tell if pizza has gone bad?

Pizza can get hard and stale and still be safe to eat, although not as delicious. Check leftover pizza for any signs of mold or discoloration, and make sure that pizza still smells good. If it doesn’t have a strange smell or discolored spots, it is safe to eat.

What happens if you eat bad pizza?

If you eat spoiled pizza, you may give yourself a case of food poisoning. Food poisoning can cause nausea, diarrhea, headaches, and other feelings of being unwell, and can last for a day or two. If symptoms are more severe, or last for more than three days, see a doctor.

Will reheating pizza kill bacteria?

Different bacteria have different temperature, but, as a rule of thumb, heating foods to temperatures over 165°F (inside and out) will kill bacteria. But simply killing bacteria does not make the food safe.

Some spoiled food bacteria produce spores, toxins, and other contaminants that aren’t killed when the original bacteria is killed. This is also why you shouldn’t re-freeze or re-heat foods more than once. If food, including pizza, has been allowed to grow mold, bacteria, or other micro-organisms, re-heating does not make the food safe, and it should be discarded.

How to Get Rid of Moles in Your Yard

If your yard is getting ruined with piles of soil and unsightly ridges and tunnels, it can be frustrating. Here’s how to find out of moles are the culprit, and the best ways to keep moles out of your yard.

How to Get Rid of Moles in Your Yard

There are several methods for getting rid of moles in your yard, but they can be difficult to eradicate completely and most people find success by combining different strategies.

Eliminate Mole Food Sources

Moles eat insects, particularly grubs and earthworms. In some cases, these food sources are harmful to your plants, so moles may be helping you out. In other cases, moles may be eating beneficial insects that help your garden. Some people recommend using a broad-spectrum insecticide to reduce the amount of food available for moles, and encourage them to go elsewhere.


Not very. Hungry moles may simply create more tunnels and mounds as they look for more food


We now know that it’s not a good idea for the environment to use a broad approach to killing insects. While trying to reduce moles, you may be harming beneficial insects and having unknown knock-on effects on other species. In fact, some states have environmental protection laws restricting the kinds of pesticides you can use on moles.

Create Mole Barriers

Mole tunnels average about 10 inches deep. You can create barriers by digging a hole or trench 2-3 feet deep, lining it with wire mesh, and then backfilling the hole. It’s worth noting that barriers are effective against moles, who will not usually chew on wire mesh, but not as effective against gophers, who might.


Barriers are more effective at protecting specific plants or parts of the garden than at excluding moles from your entire yard, but barriers are effective in targeted areas.


Barriers are a great way to protect specific parts of the yard from mole tunnels and mounds, without disturbing plants or affecting the ecosystem.

Trap and Remove Moles

Humane mole traps are easily available at hardware and home stores, but there are often laws and regulations governing the use of mole traps, so it’s worth checking with your local government. Humane mole traps require you to trace the path of an active mole tunnel, bury the trap in the mole’s path, and then check the buried trap every day to see if you have caught the mole. Take the live mole to a safe location at least 5 miles away and let it go (not into someone else’s yard, though).


Taking a captured mole somewhere else is a safe and effective way to get rid of it, but using the traps effectively takes time, effort, and patience. In many cases, it’s most effective to hire a professional to trap and release a mole.


Trap and release is a very safe way to get rid of moles.

Use a Mole Repellent

Castor oil-based repellents work on moles and voles, by giving the animals an upset stomach without permanently hurting them. These repellents are typically sprayed on and around mole mounds, and encourage the moles to move elsewhere.


Castor oil is effective at deterring and repelling moles for a month or two, so it needs re-application if your moles return.


Castor oil is safe and non-toxic, and won’t harm plants, the soil, or children or pets that get into it, although it may upset stomachs when eaten.

Use Mole Bait

Mole bait is usually a poison that is shaped like a worm or grub to encourage moles to eat it. These poisons kill the moles in their tunnels.


Most commercial mole baits are highly effective at killing moles when used as instructed.


Mole bait may be harmful to other animals if eaten, although it is not formulated with a scent or flavor that would appeal to most pets and beneficial animals. However, some pets may still get into mole bait, and some dogs may smell or dig up a dead mole in the yard. Mole bait should be stored and used with caution if you have kids or pets.

Use Ultrasonic Spikes

There are a variety of spikes that emit sounds, lights, vibrations, and other means to deter moles.


There is no independent evidence or science that shows that these devices actually work, despite advertiser claims and anecdotal experience. Since moles have extremely large foraging ranges, it may seem as though the spikes drove them away when in fact they were moving to a different area anyway.  


These devices are not harmful, since they do nothing.

How to Identify What is Causing Holes in Your Yard

If you see holes and piles of soil in your yard, it’s helpful to first find out what’s causing them before making an extermination plan. The most common causes of lawn damage are moles, voles, and gophers. In some cases, you may need to call a pest control professional to determine what kind of pest you have, but here are some ways you can identify them on your own:


Moles have two distinctive effects on the surface of your yard: mounds, and runways. Runways are the tunneling paths that moles take as they dig their way through your yard, and on the surface they look like long raised ridges of grass. Mounds are cone-shaped piles of dirt, where moles look for the insects they eat. If you spot a runway, walk along it and press it flat with your foot from end-to-end. If it stays flat, the runway is no longer in use. If it raises and becomes tunnel-like again, it’s an active mole tunnel.


Voles are small rodents that look like mice. Unlike moles, which feed on insects, voles feed on vegetation. A vole runway is a much shallower tunnel, and it kills the grass above it, because voles chew through the roots of plants as they tunnel. Voles also live in colonies, while moles are solitary. Voles have small tunnel openings, usually hidden below shrubs and vegetation, and eat plant roots.

If you spot long strips of dead grass that are about two inches wide with soft soil beneath, it may be a vole runway, and if your plants and shrubs are starting to wilt and yellow, you may have a vole problem.


Gophers are the biggest of these pests, so they can cause the most lawn destruction. While gophers will occasionally eat insects (and even chew on utility lines), they are most attracted to vegetable gardens. They may eat the roots of their preferred plants, or, just like a Bugs Bunny cartoon, pull plants down into their tunnels for a snack. Gopher tunnels are larger and deeper than mole tunnels, but they dig on the surface of the soil more than moles, so their tunnels are less extensive. Gopher mounds are fan-shaped, because their holes are created by digging down from the surface, scattering the soil behind them, while mole mounds are pushed up from below the soil.

The most important distinction here is that moles eat insects, grubs, and earthworms, and are tunneling in your yard as they look for these food sources. Voles and gophers are more interested in eating plants, and therefore need a different approach to controlling them.

Do You Need to Get Rid of Moles at All?

In some parts of the US, certain species of moles are protected, and there are also regulations regarding what methods you can use to get rid of them. It’s important to check your local wildlife rules when deciding how to address moles in your yard.

Because moles are insectivores, and are often attracted to the grubs and larvae that damage plants, they are often regarded as somewhat benign pests. The damage they do in a yard is simply aesthetic, since they don’t actually harm plants, and in fact they aerate and circulate the soil. In many cases, having a pet cat in the yard is enough to deter the presence of moles.

In other words, while moles can do damage to your careful landscaping and leave unsightly mounds, they aren’t truly harmful pests. It’s often just as well to bury cages and barriers to protect special plants, and accept moles as part of nature.

Related Questions

Can moles transmit diseases to people?

While moles are biologically capable of carrying rabies, there is no documented case of a human ever getting rabies from a mole bite. Because they live underground and are solitary animals, moles almost never come into contact with people under normal circumstances.

While a curious dog or cat may occasionally try to dig after a mole, mole teeth are designed to eat grubs and insects, and they do little harm to pet animals. In some cases, moles can carry ticks that can then transmit diseases to other pets and people, but no more than any other wild animal.

Why are there moles on my property?

Moles are solitary, territorial animals with a very large underground range. A single mole may have a network of tunnels extending nearly 3 acres, and they are attracted to areas with lots of tasty grubs and worms. So a mole may not be on your property exclusively; it may be visiting all your neighbors as well. If your garden has lots of earthworms, grubs, slugs, insect larvae, and centipedes, a mole will be happy to hunt there.

How to Litter Train Rabbit

Ready to litter train your pet rabbit? Help your rabbit become a beloved member of the family by providing it with the right environment for it to go about its business.

Can I litter train my rabbit?

Yes, you can litter train your rabbit and it’s not actually that difficult. While there are some similarities to training your cat, pay special attention to the needs of your rabbit. Provide a clean, safe environment, one that will entice your rabbit to continue to visit. Give your rabbit gentle encouragement and rewards to show it how proud you are. The happier you are about litter training, the more successful your rabbit will be.

Supplies you need for litter training

Litter box

Rabbits under 4 pounds should have a medium size litter box, under 10 pounds should have a large size, and over 10 pounds, or if you have two rabbits, should have an extra-large size.

If you have the space, try a corner litter box. Not only do they take up less space, but the high back in the corner gives your rabbit a firm place to push back on, which is a natural behavior when going about their business.

Rabbit-safe litter

Yes, it may sound gross to us, but rabbits will sometimes eat their own feces. The type of rabbit litter you have is especially important as it may be accidentally ingested.

Natural litter materials are the best for your rabbit. The most common is to place a few layers of newspaper in the litter tray and then cover it with hay.

You can also use paper-based litter from shredded newspaper or cardboard.

If you plan on using store-bought litter, pay attention to the ingredients list. Don’t just use cat litter.

Clumping litters may make clean up easier but they are usually clay-based which can actually enter your rabbit’s delicate lungs.

Snappy trainers

These are a little controversial but if your rabbit just isn’t understanding how to use its litter box, you might want to consider them. Snappy trainers can be set up in any place you don’t want your rabbit to visit.

For example, if your rabbit continually urinates on the couch, place a snappy trainer on this exact spot. When your rabbit jumps up on this area, the snappy trainer will dislodge and the paddle will fling into the air.

The snappy trainer is not meant to hit your rabbit. Rather, the rapid motion produces a loud slapping noise to scare your animal.

As with any negative reinforcements, really think before using this device. Only use it exactly where the unwanted behavior is occurring.

If, for example, you place the snappy trainer further down the couch than where the bad behavior is happening, your rabbit might think that it isn’t allowed to jump on the couch at all, or even that you don’t want any cuddles from it.

Chair mat

To help prevent a lot of headaches, place a mat or towel under the litter box. It can take a while for your rabbit to exclusively poop and urinate in its litter box. There are also bound to be messes around the box itself.

Place a mat under the box to help mop up spills and prevent damage to your floor. Just be sure to regularly clean the mat so it doesn’t stain or smell.

Rabbit Pen or Puppy pen

Your rabbit should be placed in a small area of your house to understand where its food and litter box is. You can use a puppy pen or dog fence to enclose this area.

Rabbits poop a lot. If they are not near their litter boxes when they need to go, they will decide to just poop anywhere instead.

By having a portable fence, you can gradually increase your rabbit’s area until it has a larger, more encompassing space.

Hay feeder

To entice your rabbit to use its litter pan, install a hay feeder on the wall next to the litter box. This way, your rabbit will stay sitting in its litter box in order to munch on its food.

Your rabbit will stay for a while eating and chances are that time will be plenty for it to relieve itself. With continued encouragement, your rabbit will learn to enjoy sitting in its litter box.


A layer of hay should be placed in your rabbit’s litter box, even if you use a different litter base. Rabbits often eat their own poop so it’s better to eat a bit of hay with that poop than other substances.

You can go a maximum of two days before needing to completely change the litter box. After one day, if messes are at a minimum, simply place fresh, clean hay on top.

Your rabbit will not be encouraged to return to its litter box if it is messy, wet, or smelly. Stay on top of cleaning to ensure a successful habit.

Steps on how to litter train rabbit

Choosing the location

To get started, prepare a rabbit area in your home, ideally a room or small area. You can use dog fences to set up the area.

A small space allows your rabbit to know where its food is and more importantly, where its litter box is. Try to keep your rabbit in this space until the litter training is over.

If you find that there are a lot of accidents, watch your rabbit’s behavior. Maybe the litter box is too confusing to reach.

Likewise, if your rabbit has naturally chosen its own corner to go in, it’s best just to put the litter box in this area.

Prepare the litter box

Under the litter box, place a towel on the ground. Your rabbit will definitely not be perfect so save yourself from aggravation and prepare for eventual misses.

Purchase a litter box that is large enough for your rabbit. It should have low sides, or even an entryway, to make it as easy as possible for your rabbit to enter the pan.

Putting the bunny

For best results, choose the right time to start litter training your rabbit. You might want to start right away but baby rabbits are far too excitable to show enough patience for litter training.

Wait until after your rabbit has been spayed or neutered, around 6 months of age. Once this has happened your rabbit will be slightly more docile and better able to understand new routines.

Expand the area

Once your rabbit has successfully become litter trained, you can expand its area in the home. Start with small increments.

Remember that your rabbit will continue to poop a lot. If it is too far from the litter box it might not have enough incentive to go back to the place.

Take your time expanding your rabbit’s area. Rabbits are small and like to feel protected. Too much freedom can actually be overwhelming.

How long does it take to litter train a rabbit?

If you follow all the steps provided, it should only take about one week to potty train your rabbit. Keep in mind that each rabbit is different. Temperament, environment, and age are all factors involved.

If your rabbit is not interested in being litter trained, wait a few weeks and try again. You want to be consistent but if it’s just not working, consider changing the litter box location and even the type of litter.


It can take a bit of time and effort but if you stick with it, your rabbit can be fully litter trained. For those hoping to have fully domesticated, house rabbits, having a rabbit who is litter box trained is essential.

Related Questions

What can I use for rabbit litter?

There are many natural and store-bought types of litter to use for your rabbit. Natural substances include shredded paper, hay, dried alfalfa, and even oats.

If you go the natural root, place different layers in your litter box. Put down sheets of newspaper to absorb any litter and then add hay to entice your rabbit to enter the litter box.

There are also store-bought litters that can be bought. If buying litter, choose brands that offer natural ingredients to provide as safe an environment for your rabbit.

Can you litter train an older rabbit?

Yes! It may sound counter-intuitive, but it’s actually easier to train older rabbits than younger rabbits. Baby rabbits are more excitable and have a shorter attention span. It can be hard to keep them focused enough to entice them to be litter trained.

Why do bunnies poop so much?

Bunnies eat on a continuous basis. As such, they also poop on a continuous basis. You should provide your rabbit with unlimited access to fresh, clean hay which they will then be able to eat whenever they want.

As long as your rabbit’s poop is solid pellets and not runny or sticking to its fur, then it is healthy.

How many times do rabbits poop a day?

You can expect your rabbit to poop out 100 pellets per day. You can also expect them to urinate between 2 to 8 times a day.

8 Largest Horse Breeds in the World

Horses are one of the oldest domesticated species, and spent centuries as our primary means of transportation. Large horses were bred to carry or pull heavy equipment and supplies, and are still used this way all over the world.

The 8 Largest Horse Breeds in the World

Shire Horse

The Shire Horse is a draft horse from the UK. They are 18 hands and 2,600 pounds


Percherons are descended from French war horses. They are18 hands and 2,600 pounds.


Clydesdales are Scottish draft horses. They are 18 hands and 2,000 pounds

Suffolk Punch

The Suffolk Punch is an agricultural breed that originated in England. They are 17 hands and 2,200 pounds

Belgian Draft

Belgian Draft horses are 17 hands and weigh 1,900 pounds

American Cream

The American Cream is a rare American draft horse that is 16 hands and 1,800 pounds

Dutch Draft

The Dutch Draft was bred in the Netherlands from Belgian Draft ancestry, and they are 16 hands and 1,600 pounds

Russian Heavy Draft

Russian Heavy Draft horses are 15 hands and 1,500 pounds

Measuring Horse Breeds: Height vs. Weight

Naturally, when you are thinking of the “largest” horse breeds, you may consider size or weight. 

Horse height. Horses are measured in “hands,” which are equal to 4 inches. So a horse that is “18 hands” is 72 inches tall, or 6 feet, and the average height of a horse is about 15 hands. However, horses aren’t measured from the ground to the top of their heads. Instead, they are measured from the ground to the top of their withers (the ridge between their shoulder blades). The withers are the tallest point on most quadrupeds that doesn’t depend on how the animal moves their head or neck, so it’s the most consistent place to measure height.

The tallest horse breeds are:

  • The Shire, which ranges from 16.2-19 hands
  • Clydesdales, which range from 16-18 hands
  • Belgian Draft horses, which range from 16-18 hands

Horse Weight

Weighing a horse is no simple matter. Horse breeds that are considered “light” average around 1,000 pounds or more, and draft horses weigh more than double that amount. To weigh a horse, the horse usually has to be taken to a veterinary hospital, which often have scales of that capacity, or to a livestock auction house, which also usually have such scales.

Another solution is to put the horse in a horse trailer, take them to a truck weighing facility, and then weigh the trailer with and without the horse, subtracting the difference. All these methods are difficult, and require people to take the horse to a scale. Instead, most people instead use a horse weight tape.

A weight tape is a measuring tape that allows you to measure the girth of the horse, and estimate its weight. Or you can use a regular measuring tape and use online tools to calculate an estimated weight. Of course, these methods aren’t especially accurate, since they don’t account for the individual horse’s body proportions and their ratio of muscle to fat, but they are usually accurate enough to estimate medicine doses and other important factors.

The heaviest horse breeds are:

  • Percherons average around 1900 pounds, and weigh up to 2600 pounds
  • Suffolk Punch horses average 1980-2200 pounds
  • The Shire Horse usually weighs between 1870-2430 pounds

Strongest Horse Breed

It stands to reason that the biggest, tallest horse breeds would also be the strongest. After all, the super-size horse breeds were created for their strength, to pull or carry heavy loads on farms and in the countryside.

It’s also worth pointing out that these giant horses were also bred for calmness and friendliness, since their work on a farm requires so much patience and high contact with people. The strongest horse breed in the world is the Belgian Draft horse, which consistently wins global pulling contests.

Largest Horse in the World

The largest/tallest living horse in the world, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, is a Belgian Draft gelding named Big Jake. Big Jake lives in the US, and was measured at 20 hands high without shoes in 2010.

The largest horse ever recorded was Sampson, a Shire gelding who was born in England in 1846. His top estimated weight was 3,360 pounds, and he stood 21.25 hands (86.5 inches) high. 

As a side note, Guinness no longer tracks world records for biggest/heaviest animals, out of a concern that owners might overfeed animals.

Related Questions

What is the best horse breed?

The best horse breed depends on what you want the horse to do, and your climate and the conditions you will be keeping the horse in. The following is a general guide:

The best horse breed for a pet is the American Quarter Horse. American Quarter Horses are the most popular breed in America, because they are even tempered, reliable, and versatile. They make great pets and beginner horses, and are popular with both English and Western riders.

The best horse breed for eventing is a warmblood, with Belgian, Dutch, and Swiss Warmbloods topping the list. Warmblood and Thoroughbred mixes typically have the looks, agility, and temperament for eventing.

However, competitors need to choose the breed and individual horse best suited to their personality, and the truth is that competitive eventing is also subject to some aspects of sheer fashion, with different breeds being preferred at different times.

The best horse breed for riding is the American Quarter Horse again. They have a great temperament, and are excellent trail horses and riding horses.

The best working horse breed is the Belgian Draft Horse. These horses are strong and heavy for their height, with powerful legs that help them lift, pull, and carry just about anything. They are also calm and good-natured, so they make great work horses, riding horses, and show horses.

The best racing horse breed is the Thoroughbred. Thoroughbreds were bred for speed over middle distances (quarter horses are faster over short sprints, and Arabians can be faster over long distances), and have the spirit and competitive nature that makes them excellent race horses. They are also popular in equestrian sports like polo and hunting, and are a great breed for jumping and dressage.

What is the oldest breed of horse?

The oldest breed of horse is the Arabian. Early Arabian horses are depicted in cave paintings and inscriptions dating back 3,500 years. They evolved in the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula, and are thought to have first been domesticated by the Bedouins, who tracked their horses’ ancestry through meticulous oral tradition. The earliest written reference to a specifically “Arabian” horse dates to 1330AD. Arabian ancestry has been involved in the breeding of nearly every modern breed of light horse, including Thoroughbreds, Quarter horses, Warmbloods, Morgans, and more.

How many types of horses are there?

There are over 350 distinct breeds of horses and ponies. Horse breeds fall into four types:

Light horses

Light horses usually stand 14-15 hands and weigh 900-1500 pounds. They are used for riding, racing, sport, and light work like pulling carts and buggies. Almost all light horses are descended from Arabians.

Heavy horses

Heavy horses usually weigh 2,000 pounds or more (hence the name), and are 16-19 hands high. In Europe, many of the largest horses were bred as war horses, and then later for heavy farm work. Today, heavy horses are still used for farming, logging, and pulling, but they are also popular for show. 


Generally speaking, a pony is a small horse that stands less than 14 hands high, although there are many breeds of ponies with different characteristics. Ponies are extremely strong for their size, and were bred for more extreme environments that would be too difficult for full-sized horses to get adequate food and water. Ponies are often thought of as pets and show animals, but, because of their strength, many pony breeds are competitive in eventing against even full-size horses.

Feral horses

Feral horses are breeds that were once domesticated, but have escaped and are living without human intervention. This is different from “wild” horses  — “wild” means that a breed or species was never domesticated, but there are no truly wild horses anywhere in the world.

All living horses are descendants of domesticated ancestors. In America, the Mustang is a feral breed of horse, and is legally protected. Australia has the largest population of feral horses in the world, with nearly half-a million-individuals.

What is the calmest horse breed?

Draft horses and quarter horses are the calmest horse breed types. The horse breeds best known for being calm and having an even temperament are:

  • The American quarter horse
  • The Morgan
  • The Appaloosa
  • The Irish Vanner
  • The Norwegian Fjord

Can You Freeze Apples?

Apples are an incredibly versatile fruit: delicious by themselves or cooked into applesauce or apple butter, a great companion for everything from pork to pumpkin, and part of meals from breakfast to dessert. In the fall, apples are inexpensive and plentiful, and they are easily stored for use throughout the year. But can you freeze apples? And is freezing the best way to preserve apples? Today we’ll explore the best ways to store and use these family favorite fruits.

Can You Freeze Apples?

Yes, you can freeze whole apples. Simply wash them well, then place whole, unpeeled apples on a cookie sheet, and place the sheet in the freezer. Once they are completely frozen, place them in freezer bags for-long term storage and write the date on the freezer bag. If frozen apples are well cleaned and well-sealed, they will last for a year or more in the freezer.

Freezing apples individually before placing them in bags helps keep them from freezing together in a clump, so later you can remove them from the freezer one apple at a time.

How to Thaw Frozen Apples

The best way to thaw frozen apples depends mostly on how you intend to use them.

To thaw frozen apples for baking

Simply move them from the freezer to the fridge and let them thaw slowly, at least overnight. Slow thawing preserves the apple’s tissues, preventing the apples from having excess moisture and a soggy, bruised texture when used in baking.

To thaw frozen apples for cooking

If you will be cooking your apples into apple sauce, apple butter, jelly, or the like, you can place them in cool or lukewarm water until they are thawed enough to slice, and then use the partially thawed frozen apples just like fresh ones.

How Best to Preserve Apples

Now, just because you can freeze clean whole apples with their skin doesn’t mean you should. Even frozen apples bruise easily with pressure and handling, and, once defrosted, they are likely to brown very quickly. Depending on the type of apple, and your storing and defrosting methods, your thawed apples may be brown and spongy, not pale and crisp like fresh apples.

Here is the best way to make sure your apples last, and preserve their color and texture:

Peel, core, and slice your apples

Prevent browning and oxidation while you work. While you are peeling and coring, protect your sliced apples from browning. In other words, the moment you have sliced the apple, protect it from browning while you move on to the next apple. There are several ways to prevent apple browning, and here are the most popular:

  • The lemon juice method: take a large bowl and fill it with 1 tablespoon of lemon juice for every cup of cold water
  • The ascorbic acid method: ascorbic acid is simply concentrated vitamin C, and works on the same principle as lemon juice. It can be purchased in the canning section of the grocery store. For a few apples, mix ½ tsp of ascorbic acid with 3 tbsps. of water in a bowl. For a lot of apples, add 1 tbsp of ascorbic acid to a gallon of water in a bowl (or follow the instructions on the package)
  • The Fruit Fresh method: Fruit Fresh is another canning supply easily found at the grocery store, and it is primarily made of citric acid, and works the same way as lemon juice. For a few apple slices, just sprinkle the Fruit Fresh powder on the apples. For a large quantity, mix 2 tsp Fruit Fresh with 2 tbsp of water, and toss the slices in the liquid

Immerse apple slices in preservative

No matter what method you are using, it’s important to coat every apple slice with the preserving solution, and prevent the slices from oxidizing while you peel and core the rest of your apples. Some people place a plate in the bowl over the apple slices, to keep them submerged in the solution.

Freeze the slices individually

Once all your apples are cored, peeled, sliced, and coated in a preservative that prevents oxidation, you can lay the individual slices out on a cookie sheet and freeze them. After they are frozen, they can be placed together in a freezer bag or other air-tight container, labeled with the date, and kept for up to a year.

Freezing apples in slices makes them much faster and easier to use than thawing whole apples, and keeps them fresh, crispy, and delicious for longer.

Related Questions

Can you freeze whole apples with skin?

You can freeze apple slices with skin if you want, but you shouldn’t freeze the whole fruit. Sliced apples freeze and thaw more quickly, preventing them from getting brown and mushy.

Can you freeze apples for pie?

Yes, you can freeze apples for pie. Frozen apples make delicious pie, and freezing allows you to work efficiently and plan head. Here’s how to freeze apples for pie:

Follow the above steps of peeling, coring, slicing, and preserving your apples.

Par-cook the apples

Par-cooking the apples prevents them from shrinking in the pie, so your apple pie will be chock full of apples, without a big empty gap inside the crust. The par-cooking method differs depending on how far in advance you are freezing your slices.

To par-cook apple slices for long-term storage:

Bring a pan of water to a gentle simmer. Poach your apple slices for 3-5 minutes, until they are lightly tender. Remove from the water and immerse in an ice bath to stop the cooking. Then pat them dry, place on a cookie sheet, and freeze them. Once they are frozen, place them in an airtight container and keep them frozen for months.

To par-cook apple slices for short-term storage

Although apples will last in the freezer for a long time, spices and seasonings won’t. Cinnamon, nutmeg, clove, and other apple pie spices will lose their flavor in the freezer, so apple pie filling shouldn’t be stored frozen for more than a few days. With this method, sauté your apple slices with sugar, spices, butter, or any other ingredients you would use in your apple pie filling.

Remove the filling from the heat, and place in a parchment-lined pie pan. Freeze the filling in the pie pan. Once it is frozen, remove it from the pie pan and place it in a freezer bag or airtight container. That way, your pie filling is ready to use the moment your crust is ready, and the frozen filling can be placed right into the crust.

Using frozen filling usually means that your pie needs an extra 5-10 minutes to bake completely, and a dark pie pan will help keep the bottom crust from getting soggy, or blind bake the bottom crust first.

How do you store apples for the winter?

You can follow the steps above to freeze apples and store them for up to a year. If you have a cool basement or cellar, you can also wrap whole apples (make sure they are clean and free of bruises, damage, or soft spots) in a sheet of newspaper, and put the individually wrapped apples in a box or basket in a cool, dry room. They will last for up to four months.

What are the best apples for freezing?

The apples that freeze the best are the apples most popular in the grocery store, since they also hold up best to storage and transport. Look for Fuji, gala, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Macintosh, and red or golden delicious.

How long do frozen apples last?

Frozen apples last for a year or more.

How to Keep Ducks

Domestic ducks are an increasingly popular pet and part of an urban homestead life. They are quieter and easier to care for than chickens, lay delicious eggs, and can be friendly, sociable pets. Here’s everything you need to know to keep happy, healthy ducks.

How to Keep Ducks

Ducks are easier to keep than you might think, and have fairly simple needs. In fact, here’s a quick list of what ducks DON’T need:

  • Ducks don’t need a pond
  • Ducks don’t need special shelter
  • Ducks don’t need complicated food
  • Ducks don’t need regular medication

Keeping ducks is a lot like keeping chickens, in that both types of birds are happy to eat garden weeds and pests like snails and slugs, and both birds need protection from predators. If you are already keeping chickens, you probably have everything you need to keep ducks happy as well.

Basic Duck Facts

  • There are four basic types of ducks: domestic, dabbling, diving, and sea ducks. The last three types are wild birds that are more difficult to keep, so today we are talking about domestic ducks
  • Depending on the breed, ducks live for about 12 years, but can get as old as 20
  • Ducks can visit your family indoors, but are an outside pet
  • Duck eggs are larger, and higher in fat, protein, nutrients, and calories than chicken eggs. They make richer, fluffier baked goods
  • Ducks have big flat feet that mash up a landscape or garden, but tend to do slightly less damage than chickens do with scratching
  • Ducks are nocturnal and will chatter all night, especially if they are exposed to light
  • Most domesticated duck breeds don’t fly, so you don’t have to worry about them flying away, but you do have to worry about protecting them from predators

Duck Social Needs

Ducks are social animals, and, even when they are domesticated as pets and socialized to humans, should never be kept alone. You should try to keep at least 3 ducks for good social development and to prevent loneliness.

Duck Physical Needs


Ducks need access to water for dunking and bathing. Domestic ducks only spend about 10% of their time in water, but they do need regular access to it. The water needs to be deep enough for them to submerge their heads, since they don’t have tear ducts, and need baths to clean their eyes. The water will quickly get dirty and muddy, so plastic kiddie pools and the like are a great solution, because the water can be dumped and the pool cleaned out. If the walls of the pool are high, ducks will need a wide ramp or some other way to get into the water.


Ducks are cold-hardy and don’t roost, so their shelter needs are minimal. Three or four ducks can live happily in a large dog house, as long as the inside is dry and floored with clean hay or wood shavings. While their shelter should have good ventilation, position the door away from the wind, and prevent light from getting inside the shelter. Also, give ducks a wide doorway; they like to do things together, and may trample each other if they need to go single-file.


Ducks do need protection from predators, including stray dogs and cats. Their enclosure needs sturdy fencing, not to keep the ducks in, but to keep predators out. If they have a safe enclosure, they do not need to be locked into a shelter at night.


Ducks like to paddle in mud and will quickly make a mess of the area around their pool. For this reason, it’s best to site their enclosure somewhere with good soil drainage, so rain and water don’t accumulate. Their enclosure should also offer them places to shelter from hot sun, since they don’t tolerate heat as well as cold.

Duck Dietary Needs

Drinking water

Ducks also need clean drinking water, since they will dirty their bath water. Chicken waterers work well for ducks.

“Dabbling” water

Almost all domesticated ducks are “dabblers,” which means that they eat food by washing it down their throats with water. So ducks need a bucket or deep bowl of water near their food. This may also be a source of drinking water, but it will quickly get dirty. You can also keep a bucket of water sprinkled with grain and vegetables in it for your ducks to eat – ducks are happy to dunk their heads while they graze, but the water deters other animals and pests from snacking.


You can buy food specifically formulated for ducks and waterfowl, but in many cases ducks will do well with unmedicated chicken feed. Adding brewer’s yeast to their feed provides additional niacin, which is healthy for ducks and chickens as well. Laying ducks may need additional calcium in their diet. Ducks will also eat weeds, pests, vegetable scraps, grains, leftover pizza …


Ducks need fine grit to help grind up their food and make it digestible. Grit is sold as ground up granite or ground up oyster shells, and in two sizes: one for ducklings, and one for adult ducks. Ground up oyster shells serve as grit with the benefit of added calcium, but it’s best to offer both and let the ducks choose.

Best Duck Breeds to Keep

If you want to keep ducks as pets and for eggs, you should start with a flock of 3 females. If you want to raise baby ducks, it’s best to start with 4 females and 1 male. It can be difficult to sex domestic ducks when they are young, depending on the breed. Here are the best duck breeds to keep, particularly if you are a beginner:

Welsh Harlequin

The Welsh Harlequin is a pretty, pale domestic duck breed that originated in Wales in the 1940s. They are popular ducks for urban life because they are small and easy to manage, have a calm, friendly disposition, and are great egg layers. They do tend to be broody, so they are also a good choice if you want to grow your flock.

American Pekin

The American Pekin is the classic white-bodied, orange-billed duck you imagine from children’s books. They were originally bred for meat, so they are a large and fast growing duck, but they have a calm temperament and are excellent egg layers.


Campbell is a British domestic duck developed at the turn of the 20th century. They are prolific egg layers, with an average of 300 eggs a year. They are gentle and friendly when raised by hand, and are less broody than other breeds.

Related Questions

How long do ducks live?

Domesticated ducks live an average of 7-12 years, depending on the breed.

Are ducks hard to take care of?

No, ducks are easier to take care of than backyard chickens.

Are ducks good pets?

A: If you have a domestic duck breed, they can make very good pets. They are friendly and like to hang around people, and hand-raised ducks enjoy pets and cuddles (though most ducks don’t like to be picked up). They are intelligent and fun to be around, and make good pets with proper preparation and care.

Can you keep ducks and chickens together?

Yes, ducks and chickens actually make good companions because ducks can eat chicken feed, and the birds will not disturb each other.

How many ducks can you have in your backyard?

You should never have less than two ducks, since they require companionship, and three or four is better. Before getting ducks, you should check with your local government, and perhaps even your homeowners’ association, to review the rules about keeping ducks in your area.

Gas vs. Electric Dryer

Clothes drying alone accounts for 7% of household electricity use in the US, and Americans spend up to $9 billion every year drying their clothes. Clothes dryer energy efficiency is still lagging far behind other appliances, so replacing your dryer can affect household expenses for years to come. Is a gas or an electric dryer better for you? Read on to find out.

Gas vs. Electric Dryer

For most people, an electric dryer is probably the simpler, more affordable, more reliable option. However, if your house is already piped for natural gas, gas dryers are more efficient than electric, which means they dry clothes more quickly, and have lower operating costs over time.

Differences between gas and electric dryers

Let’s face it, most of the time you choose what type of dryer to get based on how your house is already set up. It seldom makes sense to change your wiring or add a new gas line to change the type of dryer you have. But if you are buying your first dryer, or renovating a house, here are the key considerations when choosing a gas or electric dryer:

Purchase price of the dryer: Electric

Generally speaking, gas dryers are more expensive than electric, averaging around $100 more to buy

Speed in drying clothes: Gas

Gas combusts and creates heat more efficiently than electricity, so gas dryers dry clothes more quickly.

Operating and maintenance costs over time: Depends

While the cost of utilities varies widely across the country, in most places gas dryers are cheaper to operate on an ongoing basis, primarily because they dry more efficiently. However, gas dryers have a slightly shorter average lifespan (at 13 vs. 14 years for electric), and are more expensive to service and repair. You may want to look at your utility rates and estimate operating costs specific to your utility rates and your dryer use habits to make the best decision.

Installation cost: Electric

It can be expensive and time-consuming to add new utilities or relocate appliances. If you want to install a new outlet for an electric dryer, a professional will usually charge between $150 -$300, and many modern electric dryers do not need to be vented to the outside.

Gas dryers always need to be vented outside, and it can cost thousands of dollars to add a gas line to a house that doesn’t already have one. Installing a gas dryer is more affordable if you already have gas heating or a gas stove, but for most people it is not worth adding a gas supply simply for the sake of a single appliance.

Environmental impact: Depends

As a general rule, gas dryers are considered more environment-friendly because they require less energy to operate. However, that is only part of the picture. To determine which appliance is better for the environment, it’s important to know how your electricity is generated.

If you have solar panels on your home, or your electricity comes from a wind farm, then an electric dryer is the greener choice. If your utility company generates electricity by burning coal or fossil fuels, then a gas dryer may be the more environmentally friendly choice.

While natural gas is one of the cleaner, more efficient fossil fuels, it is often transported across the country through gas pipelines that have a negative impact, and a lot of natural gas is mined through a process called “fracking,” which has a negative environmental impact too. The better choice for the environment really depends on where you are and how your utility companies operate.

How can you tell what kind of dryer you have?

If you have an electric dryer, your dryer will be plugged into a large, industrial-looking 240-volt outlet with a big 3- or 4-prong plug. If you can’t find the plug, check your electrical panel or fuse box for a big, double-slot circuit breaker rated for 30 amps or higher.

If you have a gas dryer, there will be a gas supply line connected to your dryer, with a shut-off valve.

If you can’t see how your dryer is connected, search online for the manufacturer and model number, and find the information on the manufacturer’s website.

Can you convert a dryer from gas to electric or vice versa?

No, you can’t convert dryers from one type to another, because the heating systems are different. However, people who live in rural areas sometimes convert natural gas dryers to heat with propane tanks where gas supply lines aren’t available.

Is it Worth Converting Your Utility Supply for a Different Dryer?

If your home is new construction, or a complete gutting and remodel, and you are already planning a gas supply line for a stove or heating system, then it’s not much more expensive to add capacity for a gas clothes dryer. Over time, the energy savings make it a good investment. However, adding a new gas supply line to an existing home can be extremely expensive, and usually not worth it for the sake of a clothes dryer alone.

On the other hand, adding a new 240-volt outlet for an electric dryer is a fairly inexpensive task that a professional can do in less than a few hours.

Keep in mind that most clothes dryers, no matter what type, also need to be vented to the outside, which can make installation of a new dryer more difficult, and limit options for where a dryer can be placed. If you live in an apartment or condo where you can’t add an outside vent, you may want to look for an electric “ventless” dryer that doesn’t need exterior venting.

For most people, their choice of new dryer is determined by their home’s existing utility supplies and local rates, as well as what type of dryer suits them best. When we were shopping for a new dryer, we decided to go with electric, and got a great deal on this model with a matching washer:

Related Questions

Are gas dryers more dangerous than electric?

Improperly vented or maintained gas dryers pose the risk of carbon monoxide leaking into the air, which can cause nausea, dizziness, or even death. On the other hand, electric dryers that are improperly installed or maintained pose a risk of electrical fire.

All clothes dryers should be installed, used, and correctly maintained, to minimize risk and danger. But that is true of all household appliances, and gas and electric dryers are statistically safer than gas and electric stoves.

Is an electric dryer more expensive to run than a gas dryer?

Yes, an electric dryer is more expensive to run than a gas dryer over the course of a year or two of use. The actual costs depend on your local utility rates, but as a rule a gas dryer has lower energy costs than electric.

Can You Freeze Avocados?

If you Google “freezing avocados,” you find a lot of results claiming that you can easily freeze whole avocado halves, slices, or chunks, with great results. However, food experts and testers disagree, and claim that freezing does not preserve avocados. So what’s the truth?

Can You Freeze Avocados?

You can freeze avocado puree, and use the thawed avocado puree in dressings, soups, and smoothies. But avocado slices, chunks, halves, or whole avocados become mushy and slimy after freezing, and can’t be used like fresh avocado.

Why Can’t You Freeze Avocado?

Well, of course you CAN freeze avocado – you can freeze anything. But freezing destroys the smooth creamy texture of avocados, which is usually the quality people want to preserve.

Like many fruits, avocados are high in water. Unlike many fruits, avocados have a very soft, tender, creamy flesh. In the freezer, the water in the fruit forms ice crystals. The sharp edges of the ice crystals make microscopic tears and slices in the flesh of the avocado.

When the avocado thaws, the crystals turn back into water, leaving the flesh of the avocado mushy and a little slimy. Freezing avocado destroys the flesh of the fruit, so it can’t be used like fresh avocado.

In fact, even the packages of frozen avocado you can sometimes find in the grocery store get pretty bad reviews from consumers. Professional food scientists haven’t yet figured out how to freeze an avocado.

How to Preserve Avocados

If you have leftover avocado, you CAN still freeze it for later use – you just need to puree it first. Put leftover avocado in a blender with a ½ tsp of lemon juice per avocado.

Blend it into a smooth puree. Then put the puree into an air-tight container. Avocado puree will last in the fridge for 4-5 days, and in the freezer for 4-5 months. The lemon juice should prevent browning, but an avocado is still safe to eat with some slight browning.

Avocado puree can be used for baby food, salad dressings, smoothies, and sauces, and freezing is a great way to store avocado puree for later use. 

Related Questions

How long can you keep avocado in the freezer?

You can keep avocado in the freezer for up to 6 months. After thawing, it can be pureed and used in dips and sauces.

Is frozen avocado as good as fresh?

No, frozen avocado isn’t as good as fresh. While using lemon juice can prevent browning, the act of freezing destroys the texture of an avocado, making it mushy and unpleasant. If you want a smooth avocado puree, without any avocado texture, then frozen is as good as fresh.

What happens when you freeze a whole avocado?

When you freeze a whole avocado, ice crystals form within the fruit that cause microscopic tears and damage to the flesh of the avocado. While freezing can preserve the taste of avocado for several months, the texture of a frozen avocado becomes mushy and unpleasant.

Do frozen avocados turn brown?

Freezing doesn’t make avocados turn brown. Oxygen makes them turn brown. So if they are exposed to the air while you are slicing them, or while they are sitting in a container before they freeze, or sitting in a container while they thaw, oxygen exposure turns them brown. You can prevent browning with lemon juice, by tossing avocado slices in ½ tsp of lemon juice per avocado. The citric acid in lemon juice keeps avocado from turning brown, whether you freeze them or not.

How do you keep avocados from going bad?

You can keep avocados from turning brown by tossing them in a little bit of lemon juice. You can then keep avocados from going bad by quickly putting them in an air-tight container and refrigerating them, where they will last for 1-3 days.

Brown avocado, while not very appealing looking, isn’t actually spoiled, and is still safe to eat. Over several hours of air exposure, the same phenomenon that turns avocados brown will also make them taste bitter, but they are still not harmful to eat.

If avocado flesh has become not just brown, but also either hard or slimy, or grayish in color, or if the avocado has an unpleasant smell, it should not be eaten.

Avocado lovers have always struggled with the fact that the fruit is perfectly ripe and beautiful for such a short period of time. Unfortunately, freezing avocados is not the solution.

Caring For Newborn Baby Rabbits

Whether you have accidentally found a rabbit nest, or you are caring for pet rabbits, newborn baby rabbits require special care and attention. In most cases, their mother knows best, but if you have to help out and care for a baby rabbit, here’s what you need to know.

Caring for Newborn Baby Rabbits

If you find a nest of wild baby rabbits, the best thing to do is leave them where you found them. If you know that the baby rabbits are orphaned, they should be taken to a wildlife rehabilitation or a veterinarian; you shouldn’t try to care for them on your own. If you have newborn baby domestic rabbits, here is how to care for them.

Nesting for baby rabbits

Provide a soft, clean nest in a box, and cover the babies with a clean towel. Keep them covered and the box dark until their eyes open. The box should be kept in a room that is 65-70°, but not warmer. If the box is in a cold room, you may place an electric heating pad set on low or a warm hot water bottle beneath part of the box or bedding, but always give the baby rabbits room to move away to a cooler spot if they need to.

Feeding baby rabbits

Feed baby rabbits KMR Kitten Powder Formula using a small syringe or an eyedropper. Feed baby rabbits with their bodies upright, with the syringe pointed downward and a bit sideways, so that excess formula drips out of the side of their mouths, rather than down their throats. Baby rabbits should be fed twice a day, in the morning and evening.

Amounts to feed domestic baby rabbits:

  • Newborn: 2.5 cc per feeding
  • One week: 6-7 cc per feeding
  • Two weeks: 12 -13 cc per feeding
  • Three through six weeks or weaning: up to 15 cc per feeding

Each individual baby will have their preferences, and smaller rabbits will eat less per feeding. Do not overfeed baby rabbits. After their eyes are open, you can begin introducing small amounts of rabbit food pellets or hay into their box, to help them transition to adult food.

After each feeding, baby rabbits need to be stimulated to urinate and defecate. Use a cotton ball or the corner of a clean towel, moistened with warm water. Gently stroke the anal area until the baby rabbit begins to urinate and defecate, and keep stroking until they stop.

A mother rabbit would normally lick their babies to stimulate them in this way, so it’s important to mimic this behavior until they are old enough to urinate and defecate on their own after every feeding.

How to Tell if a Newborn Baby Rabbit is Orphaned

In the wild, a mother rabbit stays away from her babies, to avoid attracting predators to the nest. She only visits them once or twice a day, usually at night, and only for a few minutes at a time for feeding.

She may only visit the nest for a total of 5 minutes in a day. So it’s very common for people to think that baby rabbits have been abandoned and aren’t being cared for, when in fact the mother is obeying her instincts to protect the nest. Before you disturb a nest or remove the babies, it’s important to be SURE that they are abandoned or orphaned.

Baby rabbits are difficult to care for, even by trained rehabbers, and removing them from their nest puts them in greater danger. Even if you watch a rabbit’s nest closely and don’t see the mother attending the babies, it doesn’t mean they aren’t being cared for.

Here’s how you can tell if newborn baby rabbits are orphans and need help:

  • Look at the baby bunnies. They should have skin that is healthy and pink or red. Their skin should not be bluish or greyish. The babies should be warm to the touch
  • Observe the baby rabbits’ stomachs. Their stomachs should be round and healthy, not sunken in
  • Monitor their sounds and activity. The babies should have normal, wiggling movement, but be quiet most of the time. They may start to cry a few minutes before feeding time. If they are still and sluggish, or cry for extended periods, they may not be being fed
  • Check for dehydration. Gently pinch their skin together at the nape of their necks. If the skin smooths down flat again, they are well hydrated. If the skin remains tented, they are dehydrated.

If you think that baby bunnies may be orphaned or abandoned, but aren’t sure, cover the nest up again like you found it. Then cover the nest with twigs or sticks in a distinctive pattern that you will recognize.

Use a close/tight pattern, because a mother rabbit is discrete and won’t disturb the nest too much when she visits. If you come back the next day and the twigs haven’t been disturbed, and the babies aren’t healthy, it is probably time to call a professional.

What to do if You Find Baby Rabbits

If you are keeping domestic rabbits, and your baby bunnies aren’t doing well and need medical care, it’s best to contact a veterinarian who is skilled at caring for rabbits. When you start keeping rabbits as pets, it’s a good idea to contact your local veterinarians to find one who can treat rabbits, so that you have their contact information when you need it. Search google for “exotic pet” veterinarians, or check this list from the House Rabbit Society:

For wild rabbits, you should contact a local wildlife rehabilitation center before disturbing the nest. Check this list from the Humane Society:

or your state’s wildlife rehabilitators. WildCare has a great list of resources here:

Related Questions

Can you touch a newborn baby rabbit?

In most cases, you can gently touch a newborn baby rabbit if it’s a pet rabbit and the mother is calm. You should not touch a newborn wild rabbit, unless you are sure it has been orphaned and needs human care.

Can baby bunnies drink water?

Baby bunnies will start to drink water at about 3-4 weeks old, and you can give them a very shallow bowl of water to drink from while they are small. Babies usually rely on their mothers to show them how to drink from a water bottle, and you may need to lower the water bottle or make a little ramp to make it easier for babies to reach as they get older.

Can baby rabbits drink cow milk?

No, cow’s milk isn’t good for baby rabbits. Mother rabbits spend less than 5 minutes a day feeding their babies, so rabbit milk is extremely nutritious and has special enzymes babies need. Baby rabbits may not be able to digest cow’s milk, and it may not have all the nutrients they need. Instead, feed baby rabbits a Kitten Milk Replacer formula, or goat’s milk.

How long can baby bunnies go without food?

At most, baby rabbits can go without food for 3-4 days. In nature, most baby bunnies are fed only once a day, between midnight and 5 a.m. And, unlike many animals, rabbits do not nurse their young right after their born – their mother feeds them the following night.

How do you feed a baby rabbit with a syringe?

To feed a baby rabbit with a syringe, remember that mother rabbits stand over the nest, and babies reach upright to feed. Hold the baby rabbits upright, with the tip of the syringe pointed downward and slightly to the side of their mouths. Gently squeeze the formula out into their mouths, going slowly. Do not overfeed baby rabbits, but if they aren’t eating enough, you can offer food more frequently during the day.

Because mother rabbits spend so little time at the nest, it’s common for people to think that baby rabbits are abandoned or orphaned when they really aren’t. For pet rabbits, don’t try to force the mother to sit or stay at the nest. If the babies have good skin tone and color, are warm and wiggling, and don’t make much noise, they are probably fine and getting all the care and food they need.

If you find a nest of wild baby rabbits, call a local wildlife center before you disturb the nest. Baby rabbits are adorable, but not easy to care for, so it’s best left to a professional when possible.